8 tips, how to get rid of dampness in the apartment

The inhabitants of the extreme floors, especially in brick houses, do not know how to be uncomfortable and uncomfortable in the raw apartment. The elevated level of humidity in the room not only leads to the spurry of furniture objects and the destruction of finishing materials, but also is dangerous to health. In the article, we will tell you how to determine the cause or source of excessive moisture and give Tips, how to get rid of dampness in the apartment .

Where does the moisture penetrate?

To begin, it should be determined by the following - moisture penetrates the room from outside, or is formed directly inside the housing.

This will help much faster and more accurately determine the reason for its occurrence. Those who have already had to face this problem are offered to take advantage

Simple verification method:
  • Choose a room with the highest in your feeling of humidity, and in which there is a wall that goes out. These are usually end facilities;
  • Take a small piece of ordinary glass, attach it to the selected wall and secure. Depending on the finishing material, this can be done using a painting tape or stationery buttons;
  • Fix the glass must be installed on a smooth section of the wall to ensure maximum fit;
  • After a few hours, disconnect the glass and inspect it;
  • If his surface has become wet from the side, which flew to the wall, then dampness in the apartment penetrates from the street. If the moisture was discovered on the other side, it means that something inside the apartment provokes its excessive amount.

The effect of dampness at housing and people

In case of late actions aimed at eliminating dampness, or in case of ignoring the problem, unpleasant consequences will certainly arise.

  • The apartment will appear steady heavy smell characteristic of basement rooms;
  • Starting finishing materials, namely, wallpaper or plaster. The wrapper wrapper becomes loose and departs from the surface of the wall or ceiling with whole formations;
  • Wooden floors or outdoor The coating may be deformed The slots are formed at the joints of the elements, and the characteristic creak will appear;
  • Furniture items made from natural materials are also subject to deformities;
  • In the case when the level of humidity exceeds the normal indicators for humans 40-60%, it leads to Justice Respiratory Diseases or their development;
  • Allergy may be acted;
  • All microbes and bacteria in a humid environment are developing much faster and more active;
  • There will be skin rashes, wounds or scratches will longer heal or rot;
  • Especially dangerous similar microclimate for young children, whose immunity is not yet urgent and cannot have proper resistance. Children Easily subjected to diseases and longer sick;
  • Visual consequence will be education on the walls or ceiling of black fungus, that is mold.

Causes of the penetration of dampness from the street

In most cases, the reason for the emergence of an increased level of humidity in the apartment is Developer errors. Or natural Building wear, namely:

  • Exhausting joints between the elements of the panel design or brick masonry. Very often in old houses, the solution on which the bricks holds is simply poured. Thereby disturbed the integrity of the walls, and the voids are formed, in which dampness penetrates;
  • If we are talking about apartments on the first floors, dampness can penetrate from Flooded basement through leaks between the floor and walls;
  • To the flooding of basements during precipitation or melting of snow leads The destruction of the scene of the house;
  • The common problem of apartments on the last floors is roofing As a result, during precipitation poured an attic room, if the roof has a tent construction, or directly flowing overlap into the dwelling. This cause is difficult to identify if the ceilings into the premises are stretched. Water through the canvas will not be able to leak due to the characteristics of the material, but will evaporate in the space between the slab overlap and the web and penetrate the room through the mounting holes for lamps or gaps between the wall and the mounting profile;
  • If a ventilation system The house was thought out either Implemented with mistakes, It will not be able to ensure timely outflow of warm air in full, which will lead to increased humidity.

Ways to eliminate the problem

The above defects, especially those concerning the destruction of the scene of the house, flooding the basement due to the projected old sewer pipes or leakage of the roof, Must decide Managing organization or Housing and communal service, On the balance of which is your home.

Be sure to apply with a detailed description of the problem. If such actions turned out to be unsuccessful or too delayed, follow these steps:

  1. If the cause is flooded basement - carry out waterproofing of the floor and sealing it around the perimeter;
  2. If the reason is B. impaired integrity of walls Outside, contact the relevant organizations that carry out work on waterproofing walls. It is best to combine it and with outdoor insulation. If the apartment is located on the first floor, you can perform an outer finish of the walls with waterproofing solution and its subsequent trimming of foam sheets independently;

Fix the design of the ventilation system The apartment building does not seem possible. In this case, the installation of the supplied valve will help. Such a system is also called the Alpine Fork. The design of the valve and the principle of its action is quite simple, and the installation can be performed independently. Alpine Fork They advise you to install in each room. Typically, the valve is placed over the window opening so that fresh air from the street in the cold season, penetrating the home, mixed with warm air, rising up from heating radiators, and did not cooled the room.

Sources of excess moisture inside housing

If after the experiment with the glass you were convinced that the reason for the appearance of dampness lies inside the apartment, you need to make it a thorough inspection and analyze your own habits and actions.

  • Those who have no balconies, or those who just do not have enough space, often have to dry the linen, hanging it all over the apartment. If this is carried out on a permanent basis, it is necessary to reconsider its habits;
  • The presence of aquariums in the apartment may cause increased humidity, especially if they are not equipped with special lids;
  • Excessive room colors;
  • The cause can be irregular ventilation or its complete absence;
  • Clogging of ventilation channels;
  • Overlapping ventilation due to improper installation of household appliances or its overlapping by finishing materials;
  • Violation of the integrity of water pipes, which leads to regular water leaking. If the pipes are hidden into plasterboard boxes, it will not be possible to flow. Go to neighbors from below and inspect their ceiling to exclude this reason;
  • Carefully inspect the ceiling and in your apartment, especially in the bathroom. Perhaps there is no flow to you, but at the neighbors from above;
  • Incorrect installation of sanitary elements;
  • Leakage of plastic window structures;
  • Cold slopes.

Ways to eliminate the problem

All of the above reasons are easy to eliminate themselves. However, if you have been able to detect the source at the initial stages of the apartment inspection, it is necessary to complete the inspection to the end.

Often the formation of dampness contributes to the set of several factors at the same time.
  1. It is possible to share the wash into parts and wash in several stages or to wash more often, but with a smaller number of things. If finance allows, a washing machine with a drying function will become a real rescue;
  2. Moofable room plants require frequent watering and spraying. If you grow exactly, you will have to either reduce their number, or dilute by plants that, on the contrary, can absorb moisture from the air;
  3. In old houses, ventilation often clogs, on its walls sticks the garbage, which gradually leads to a narrowing, and then to the complete tower of the channel. Check if there is you traction Very simple - bring the match to the ventilation opening, set fire to it, and then blend. If smoke immediately pulled into a channel, then everything is in order. Otherwise, you should try to clean the hole on your own and repeat the check. If nothing has changed, seek help in housing and communal services;
  4. Carefully inspect the pipes in the bathroom and under the sink: if it was detected to flow, immediately replace the leakage of the system;
  5. Check how tightly the walls of the bath or shower cabin are adjacent to the walls. Perhaps the water regularly registers behind the bath or pallet and accumulates there, forming dampness. It is necessary to thoroughly dry the wall and the floor, examine them for the presence of mold. If the fungus managed to form, take advantage of special purchased compositions for its destruction, and then with the help of sealant fill the slots;
  6. If condensate is constantly formed on the windowsill or on a double-blade, it is necessary to inspect the window structure. Pay attention to the rubber seal on the inner part of the frame. Press it with your finger. It must instantly return to its original state. If there was a firm tire on the touch, it has small cracks and places the material started crumbs, the seal must be replaced. If the material still returned to its original state, but not very quickly, it needs to be lubricated with silicone to give elasticity. Sometimes the design of the window and the materials of its manufacture are poor-quality and only a complete replacement can help;
  7. If during repair the window slopes were insulated not enough, they will serve as a source of cold, which will lead to the formation of condensate in winter. In this case, you have to perform warming up.

General advice

As in the case when the formation of dampness was facilitated by external causes and in the presence of internal sources, common advice, which help quickly dry housing And return the microclimate to normal indicators.

  1. In the bathroom, set additional forced ventilation and turn it on each time and after receiving the shower or bath and drying the linen;
  2. At least for a few hours after taking the soul, leave the bathroom door open;
  3. In the kitchen, where elevated temperatures are observed and increased humidity, be sure to set the exhaust and turn on the device, even when simply boil the kettle;
  4. Check out the premises. Modern accessories of plastic windows has a useful function - microwing. It allows you to comfortably ventive dwelling even in the cold season;
  5. In the summer, try not to shade the window openings, but on the contrary, push the curtains and let the sunlight;
  6. In the spring and autumn, when the heating system is inactive, warm the housing with additional heating devices. It was during this period that the moisture level rises to the maximum mark. Electrograms, oil or infrared heaters, thermal fans can be used. It is better to purchase one small instrument, but for each room separately. In the bathroom you can install an additional electric heated toweling. Some recommend using heat guns, but remember that they can significantly increase the temperature indoors and heat all the items in it;
  7. Such simple ingredients such as sainted salt or sugar will help to absorb excessive moisture. Establish in invisible places of containers with such a filler as auxiliary. Or use silicogel;
  8. After damp cleaning, wipe all the surfaces dry;
  9. If the apartment is old wooden windows, be sure to put them on the winter with special paper and warm the cracks of the foam rubber. It will not only retain heat inside housing, but also prevents moisture penetration outside;
  10. In the home appliances store, buy a device called Air Dryer. It will help quickly remove an extra moisture from the air. Some desiccant models are equipped with a built-in hygrometer - an instrument for measuring air humidity level. It is very convenient, because you can clearly make sure that the work of the desiccant is indeed effective. And so that the device does not include / disable the device, but to easily maintain a permanent level of humidity in the apartment, it is better to purchase automatic models;
  11. Instead of a desiccant, you can use the usual air conditioning, where there is a drainage mode - DRY.

What to do with raw things?

In raw apartments, as a rule, all things in cabinets and chests, capes on sofas and bed linen are also raw. To the touch The bed seems cold и wet. In addition, a characteristic unpleasant smell appears. To get rid of it, you will have to launch all things with the addition of vinegar, carefully dry them, and then try with the excavation. In the cabinets and the dressers, you can put linen bags with salt or silica gel. But such actions will be effective only under the condition that the causes of the appearance of dampness in the dwelling were eliminated, and the microclimate is normalized.

The article is written for the site Remstroiblog.ru.

We bring order in the bathroom, remove the dryer for linen on the balcony and choose breathable finishing materials to get rid of dampness and prevent its appearance.

Pexels.
Pexels.

Excess moisture in the air leads to diseases and damage to wall decoration, ceiling and floor. In addition, because of this, non-welltic and dangerous foci #mold Which is very difficult to remove. We tell how to get rid of dampness in the house and from Unpleasant odor who accompanies her.

Why do you need to get rid of dampness

Short-term increased humidity in the room does not carry danger, but if in the house constantly Swipe windows And other signs of excess are felt, this is a reason to look for options, how to get rid of dampness in the apartment. And that's why.

  • If the walls are placed with wallpaper, they will start peeling, and mold may arise under them .
  • Plaster and putty will become loose, will begin to move away from the ceiling by layers.
  • Wood floors or artificial coating, such as laminate, can be deformed, "walk".
  • Interior doors Also can be deformed: as a result, they will stop entering the door frame, start closing with difficulty.
  • If indoors have furnishings of natural wood, they can also change their shape and appearance. Let it be insignificant.
  • Too high #humidity He adversely affects health, the risk of exacerbation of allergies and problems with the respiratory system, leather increases. Even small scratches on the skin will be walked longer.
  • Very undesirable to be in the conditions of excessive moisture to small children, especially with a reduced immunity.
  • Of course, it is impossible not to mention and Risk of mold : not only under the wallpaper, what we mentioned in the first point, but also on the ceiling, slopes, just on the walls, on the windows.
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Unsplash.

Causes of high humidity

  • Errors during the construction of a private house or an apartment building. This may be a violation of technology during laying solution between bricks, elements of panel structures.
  • In apartment buildings often suffer from high humidity Residents of apartments on first floors . The intimacy of the basement does not contribute to a good microclimate.
  • The problem may also occur in the inhabitants of the last floors during precipitation, if there are errors in roofing.
  • If we talk about a private cottage, then the absence Waterproofing basement and the foundation, especially in the season of precipitation, often leads to high humidity. Disadvantages of the roof may also be the cause.
  • Bad ventilation is a very common problem in apartments, and in cottages. Because of it, the humidity in wet areas is most often rising, such as a bathroom and a kitchen, but the problem is distributed to residential rooms.
  • The leaks of sanitary equipment and pipes.
  • Availability in a private pool house, baths or Saunas Namely their poor-quality arrangements and maintenance often becomes an excess of moisture in the air.
  • The lack of heating in winter in the cottages leads to the fact that an unpleasant smell of dampness appears inside sharpness . It is impossible to leave the house without heat, even if it is a seasonal cottage.
  • Improper installation or wear of window structures. For this reason, it is recommended to carry out regular Seasonal prevention .
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Ways to eliminate dampness in the house and apartment

1. Make waterproofing of floors and walls

If you live on the first floor, it's time to think about the floorproofing of the floor. It is possible to water the floors with the help of loose or bulk materials - it is easy to apply and they will quickly dry. But only professionals can install rolled waterproofing, but it will be more effective.

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Isolate the ceiling and walls in the apartment forces are unlikely to succeed. If the roof of the house flows, this question can be solved only by repaired it.

And in the house you can conduct an outer insulation of the walls, and the roof is easier to fix on its own, as it is not necessary to coordinate the actions with the management company.

2. dry underwear on the balcony or in a drying machine

A small, but still a tangible impact on the level of humidity has dry linen. In addition, it leaves the smell of washing powder after himself. Therefore, the dryer is better to carry onto a ventilated balcony.

Good option - buy a drying machine. It takes the same place as washing, but will allow not to litter space and do not breed an excessive humidity.

3. Strengthen heating

A good way to deal with dampness in the apartment, - warm the room and air in it, for example, add Radiators heating In winter, if the power of the standard heating system is missing, and install when repairing warm floor In those rooms where problems are seen. First of all, it concerns the bathroom and loggia, but in other rooms, the floor heating system will make life more comfortable.

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4. Reduce the number of indoor plants

Live plants perfectly decorate and revive the interior, but when they are too much, they can really cause high humidity. Try to remove from the windowsill and rearrange part of the pots to other rooms and watch the changes.

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5. Cut in order to the bathroom

On a small area, even drying things on a towel dryer, raw underwear in a washing machine are provided. The machine itself is also worth checking: sometimes breakdowns happen, due to which moisture does not completely leave the drum after the washing is completed.

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6. Check ventilation and fix the problem

It is very important when repairing a good electric Host in the bathroom which can be turned on while taking the soul. It will immediately pull out most of the steam and water will not have time to settle on the surfaces.

7. Do not create redundant moisture in small

For example, when you cook something in the kitchen, cover the pans with fluid caps, do not leave the boiling teapot for a long time on Plate - A large number of steam is distinguished from its spout.

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Unsplash.

8. Use desiccant

Along with humidifiers Household appliances manufacturers are produced and dryers are devices that remove moisture and remove it into a special compartment, which is provided for by the design of the device. Separate models can be connected to the sewer system. Drainers makes sense to install in wet areas, for example, in the bathroom or basement of the private house.

How to get rid of the smell of dampness in the apartment and house

A short-term problem may occur, for example, in the spring, when you returned to the cottage after a long lack. An unpleasant smell often occurs in the presence of mold on the walls, the bed linen and other home textiles also smells poorly smelling in the closet.

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Unsplash.

To get rid of it, remove the problem. Perform measures to combat mold with the help of special means, dry things and underwear, and also ventilate the room as much as it is necessary until the unpleasant smell disappears.

Prevention

In order not to look for an answer to the question of how to get rid of dampness in an apartment and a house, you need to foresee a few moments during the repair of the room.

1. Pick up breathable finishing materials at the repair stage

It is worth using breathable Eco-friendly finishing materials . For example, ordinary paper wallpapers are perfectly passed air. Fliseline products are also suitable. But the alkyd paint on an oil base has a very low pair transmission coefficient, so it is impossible to use it in a room with high humidity.

To find out if one or another finishing material is suitable, ask the seller about his vapor permeability, how long this value is. It will show how many milligrams of the pair will pass in an hour through the meter of material.

2. Carefully consider the project of the private house and its ventilation

This applies to the foundation, and to the walls, and to the project. Ventilation at home . In addition to choosing building materials, control the construction technology and do not forget about the waterproofing of the foundation, the basement, as well as the heat insulation of the walls, gender and roof.

3. Drop the house or apartment after construction or repair

For example, if you do not wait until the plaster is dry on the walls and start to hinder them with wallpaper, with a probability of one hundred percent under them, then the mold will arise. And after ended #Construction And repair work, the room, especially in need of drying. In the question, how to dry the house from dampness after construction, there are several solutions. For example, use special equipment: dryers and heaters.

4. To air the room

Fresh air affects not only the microclimate and the absence of excessive humidity, but also on the well-being of the inhabitants. Do not neglect this and more often open the vessels.

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Moisture norms in residential room

It is believed that the normal moisture content of the residential premises is about 40-60%. In the summer and winter, it will change, when the heating is turned on and off. The hygrometer will help measure such indicators. To remove indicators in the apartment it is better to use an electronic hygrometer.

The human body is dangerous both dry and too wet air. And for air conditioners, there is a separate reason to worry about. It literally pulls the water out of the air, overly dried it. Enhance moisture can even wet underwear or rare ventilation.

Factors indicating the availability of the problem

It is possible to determine the significant excess of humidity in the apartment not only with the help of a special device, but also visually.

The ceiling or walls appear foci of mold and fungus. Microorganisms lightningly multiply in a closed space when the moisture content in air exceeds 70% and ambient temperature, greater than 18 degrees.

Mold on the walls

Mold on the walls

Symptoms of dampness are and arising problems with the state of the finish: can collave plaster, rot wooden materials or lag from the walls wallpaper.

Condensate appears on plastic windows. The reason can be both factory marriage in structures and problems with the microclimate in the apartment.

Condensate on plastic windows

Condensate on plastic windows

In addition to the listed problems of dampness in the room, for those located in the apartment discomfort will provide an indous smell that will not be possible to eliminate with any air fresheners.

What is affected by the dampness

As already noted, high humidity leads to a damage of finishing materials and interior items. Products made of paper, wood or leather are especially affected. Even door blocks can be deformed, the pictures and books come into disrepair. All this leads to the need for repair work.

But the most important thing - dampness can cause irreparable harm to the health of households. Main hazards are small children and elderly tenants. Disputes of harmful microorganisms lead to the exacerbation of chronic diseases. Finding into the respiratory system, they become the cause of allergic reactions.

Dampness can cause irreparable harm not only the surfaces of the walls, gender and ceiling, but also health

Dampness can cause irreparable harm not only the surfaces of the walls, gender and ceiling, but also health

Much more often, the tenants of apartments suffer from colds, and they flow in more acute form. Rejected textiles in contact with the body contributes to the development of rheumatism.

Symptoms associated with mold and humidity in the house may be wheezing, runny nose, morning cough, eczema

Symptoms associated with mold and humidity in the house may be wheezing, runny nose, morning cough, eczema

To be uncomfortable to the apartment. People decrease concentration, fatigue appears, problems with performance arise. An unpleasant odor coming from clothing also does not add positive emotions. Finally, food decreases storage time.

Determine the humidity of the air

This indicator needs a person. If it is below the norm, health problems may arise. With raising marks, the walls, internal and exterior finish of the house, furniture, clothing are affected. These signs report that marks are in an invalid range, and the problem needs to be solved.

Mold on the wall

Hygrometer

The easiest method to obtain accurate readings. The hygrometer is designed to measure gases. When choosing a device for home, you must pay attention to the error. Its indicator should not exceed 1%. The mechanical device looks like a scale with an arrow, but there are more modern options. You can purchase an electronic thermometer for an apartment with a built-in hygrometer. Normal is the humidity of air in the range of 40-60%. For the bathroom and kitchen, the indicator may be a little more. If the marks obtained after the measurement are above the norm, it is necessary to establish the causes of inconsistencies and search for methods that allow you to get rid of excess dampness in a separate room or the whole house.

Psychricheetric table

The psychometric table is used to determine the indoor index in the room. This method is based on the use of two thermometers (dry and wet). Such a device is called a psychrometer.

To determine the concentration of water in the air, you must adhere to the following algorithm:

  1. Mark paper temperature indicator (data from room thermometer).
  2. Cut the end of the thermometer with a damp cloth and remove new data in 5-7 minutes.
  3. If the indicator is higher than on a dry thermometer, the material must be mixed further and repeat the measurement.
  4. The resulting indicator is fixed and verified with the Assman table.
  5. Dry thermometer data is shown in the left column, and the difference between indicators is in the top row.
  6. The humidity indicator must be sought at the intersection of two graphs.

If the indicator is low, water from the moistened tissue will evaporate faster, and the temperature will raise rapidly.

Glass with water

This method is not considered accurate, so the measurement is recommended to carry out if there are no special devices in stock. Work algorithm:

  1. Fill the transparent glass glass with water.
  2. Cool the vessel along with content to + 5 ° C. To do this, it is enough to withstand it in the refrigerator for 3-4 hours.
  3. Place the tank with water away from the heating devices and other heating elements.
  4. Rate the result.

If the walls of the dishes faded, and after 10-15 minutes they became dry, the level of humidity in the room is too low. If the poverty walls were not dried, and the drops themselves simply flow into the glass, you can state the excess of the norms. The remaining condensate that does not flow down the capacitance, indicates that the numbers are within the normal range.

Attention! This test has minimal accuracy, interpret the indicators and it is impossible to obtain a numeric value.

Determine the cause of high humidity

Understand why in a private house smells with damp, you can, turning attention to the details. Often the problem is noticeable to the naked eye, it can occur under the action of internal and external factors. Humidity also increases due to improper ventilation or in case of violation of the integrity of the coatings. Water from the street penetrates inside, but does not evaporate. Before eliminating such factors, the repair is pointless, the violation will return after some time.

Test with glass

A simple test with the use of glass will help to understand where the moisture is taken from the apartment. It can penetrate the house from the street, but sometimes the source is indoors. To obtain accurate information, you need to perform such actions:

  1. Select a room with a high level of humidity. One of its walls should be outdoor.
  2. Take a small piece of glass and attach it to the wall, fasten with scotch. It is important to comply with the basic condition - the maximum adjacent, otherwise the data will not be accurate.
  3. After 3-4 hours, turn off the glass and evaluate the result.

If the surface that was adjacent to the wall became wet - the water penetrates the apartment from the street. When drops appear on the back - the source of dampness must be sought within the house.

It is possible to understand that the concentration of moisture in the air is higher than the norm without testing. It can be seen if the room in the room constantly faded, and the lingerie on the dryer does not dry over for several days. A simple test with window glass can be spent in winter when the air temperature difference on the street and the maximum room. It is enough to leave the window closed and turn on the gas burner. If the glass surface in a few minutes will cover moisture - the problem is exactly.

External reasons

Most often, the growth of humidity indicators in an apartment or private house is associated with a mistake at the construction stage of the building. The defect may not appear immediately, but as it is exploited - due to wear of communications. The list of major factors capable of affecting the level of moisture indoors:

  • Tightness disorders. Water after precipitation accumulates in stoves or bricks. Often it is manifested when the solution for attaching the lining dissipates and falls out. The integrity of the wall is broken, emissions arise in which dampness accumulates;
  • flooding. Dampness in the apartment on the first floors appears due to the flooded basement. It may be some water in it, but it will find the output and rises up with not the tightness of the junctions between the wall and flooring. The destruction of the scene of the house is not excluded;
  • Blood leakage. This faces residents of the upper floors. The problem rarely occurs instantly. Initially, water enters the stove and accumulates there, because of this, the humidity indoors increases. Over time, concrete gives a leak, and water during the rain falls right in the apartment;
  • Violation of the ventilation device. When implementing a scheme with errors, the flow of warm air will not be able to move in full.

Attention! Residents of multi-storey houses have the right to apply to the management company. Housing and communal services must establish an accurate cause and eliminate it.

Internal reasons

If there are no external defects at the house, ventilation is good, the dampness in the apartment can provoke the following factors:

  • leakage of sewage pipes or centralized heating;
  • wind tightness disorders;
  • Wet lingerie drying inside the apartment;
  • storage of liquids in open containers;
  • breeding indoor plants and cultivation of flowers in the apartment;
  • violation of the rules of cooking (cooking in an open pot);
  • Placing several aquariums in one room at home.

You can get rid of moisture and dampness if you eliminate these factors. If the problem lies in the cultivation of plants or place several aquariums in the room, it must be eliminated. Vases with flowers and reservoir with fish can be moved to another room, then the indicator stabilizes. It is also necessary to comply with the rules when cooking - do not keep open pan with boiling content and close containers with household liquids.

In which places the mold appears

Most often, dampness and mold in the apartment can be detected on the walls, ceiling, floor, window slopes and the windows themselves. Less often, the problem occurs under floor coatings, behind wallpaper, furniture and directly in the cabinets themselves, bookshelves and in household appliances - washing machines, air conditioners, microwave ovens.

In severe cases, clothes, shoes, toys, upholstered furniture, baby carriages are amazed fungus. When a mold is detected, it is necessary to make immediate measures to prevent the fungus and completely remove it.

How to remove the smell of damp in the house

The smell of damp in the house signals that not everything is in order with the microclimate of the room. A strongly expressed smell of dampness shouts that somewhere started the mold and it is worthwhile to inspect the housing for the identification of fungus. In order to remove the smell of dampness in an apartment or house, you must first get rid of mold.

Prevention of damp and mold in the apartment

Regular ventilation eliminates dampness, and excessive can provoke a cold. Take care of yourself!

Mechanical removal of fungus only partially solves the problem. To remove the smell of dampness forever, it is necessary to normalize humidity and ensure the optimal ventilation mode:

  • Check the room more often. Check the operation of the ventilation channels regularly.
  • Try to normalize the indoor microclimate. Check the walls, floor, ceiling.
  • Do not create additional factors that enhance the humidity: do not dry the laundry in the room, do not leave the wet washbashes and towels in the bathroom, dry the tile, shower, worktop.
  • If the fungus in the initial stage, then the affected places can be wiped with hydrogen peroxide or vinegar.
  • In serious cases, you will have to cross the wallpaper, throw the plaster, linoleum, throw out furniture.

How to remove the smell of dampness finally? Prepare home absorbent: set the container in the house with a salt mixture and chopped activated carbon. The method is ideal to remove the smell of damp from cabinets and boxes. You need to change the mixture once a week.

How to get rid of dampness on the walls

To kill the fungus on the walls once and for all, it is necessary to determine the reason for its appearance. After you discovered affected places, moisten them with water. This is necessary to prevent further dispute dissemination.

how to deal with dampness and mold in the house

All work on the removal of mold should be carried out in protective gloves and respirator

Next, special chemical and biological drugs that destroy mold are applied to moldy areas. It is necessary to process all surfaces. It is made at least 2-3 times with interruptions for complete drying of each layer. As a rule, guided by the instructions for the use of the drug.

Take the metal brush, scraper, spatula and clean the surface from fungus. In the process of cleaning, the layer of finishing material is removed and scraped at the entire depth of penetration of the fungus. Wood and stone surfaces are also processed.

If the material is unsuitable or a separate design element, it is fully replaced. The affected fragments are burned, and the walls are dried and treated with resistant protective preparations and coatings.

Mushroom on the floor and mold under linoleum, laminate

Often unwanted moisture accumulates under linoleum. It is there that all conditions are created for the development of mold, to get rid of which is completely almost impossible and have to change the coating.

It is advisable to follow the following:

  • On the floors affected by mold, in no case should the old materials can be treated.
  • The fungus often moves to the walls, and therefore it is necessary to cut down the lower part of the wallpaper adjacent to the plinths;
  • When installing a new coating, it is necessary to treat it with antifungal drugs.

How to reduce humidity in the house

Having revealed a significant excess of the level of humidity, you should do everything possible for its normalization, because the health of all households depends on it.

Road air

This method of drying air is the easiest, affordable and fairly efficient. Of course, it is desirable to tight and windy weather, otherwise there will be no particular sense. It is especially important to carry out this procedure after cooking, taking a bath or shower, washing, general wet cleaning.

Interestingly, even the fan is completely able to dry the air indoors if it is not possible to ventilate.

Heaters and air dryers

If the dampness indoors exceeds all possible limits, you will have to think about the acquisition of dryers. These devices can be used both in residential and industrial premises. For home use, of course, a household desiccant is needed, which is characterized by compactness and silent work. You can turn on the device as needed.

Mobile air dryers

Domestic air dryers will not only reduce its humidity, but also get rid of harmful particles

In winter and in the offseason, heating appliances become a real salvation from dampness. The heat allocated by them significantly dries air, however, for the same reason, it may later have to fight with its dryness. Therefore, so as not to overcover the room, try not to overheat it with the use of additional heaters in the presence of centralized heating.

Cat on the battery

Throughout the heating season, the heating battery is dried, and can even cut air

Tablets from dampness

Special absorbent tablets (Ceresit "Stop moisture", Henkel "Stop humidity") are used in a set with moisture-loader - a container in which a hydrochloric solution flows from absorbing moisture. Such an adaptation is able to absorb about 0.4 liters of water in a month. The area of ​​the premises should not exceed 20 square meters. m. One pill enough for two or three months of use.

Tablet from dampness Henkel "Stop Humidity"

Tablets from dampness Henkel "Stop Humidity" absorb excess moisture in the room

Application of modern finishing materials

If you want to protect the room from damp in a global scale, prepare for overhaul. The accumulation of moisture indoors contributes unfulfilled materials, so try to avoid plastic and other finishing species delaying moisture. For "drying" repair follows:

  1. Remove the remains of all previous finishing materials.
  2. Find a source of high dampness if it is in the home, and try to eliminate it.
  3. Pretty drying the room and, most importantly, the walls, it is best to use a thermal gun for this.
  4. Carefully seal all the places provoking high humidity, usually this joints of the walls and sex seams. For this, the cracks are filled with cement mortar and treated with hydro and bioprotective agents, most often based on silicone.
  5. The surface of all walls is treated with water-repellent primer or bioprotection, and even better - and the other.
  6. Prepared premises to separate moisture-resistant plasterboard, which has a green shade inherent in him. The thickness of the sheets of such a material is usually 10-12 mm. Moisture-resistant plasterboardMoisture-resistant plasterboard is highlighted by green
  7. For decoration of dwelling with elevated moisture level, pick up a vinyl spraying wallpaper from phlizelin. Such a coating is well opposed to moisture, and some varieties can even wipe with a wet cloth for cleansing. And you can also use wallpaper from CD-Vinyl. Wallpaper from compact vinylWallpapers from CD-Vinyl are suitable for decoration of dwelling with high humidity

Acrylic paint and shtclowing - a great duet for processing walls indoors with high humidity. Acrylic itself is a hydraulic material, and in the form of paint mixed with a spheolder, it creates a reliable water-repellent film. Another optimal version of the wet room decor is a ceramic tile. True, due to the high cost of it, they are mainly used in the kitchen or in the bathroom. Although in the presence of the required tools, it is possible to make a tile and living rooms, only tiles need to choose large sizes than in the above rooms.

Folk remedies

If the dampness is insignificant or you do not have a large number of funds, you can try to dry the room by folk remedies.

Products - Adsorbents

If you look for a means among food, then sugar, salt, soda, rice and coffee beans have remarkable absorption properties. They are poured into small containers, and then set apartments in different places: on the shelves, in the cabinets, on the floor under furniture. Those who have four-legged researchers must ensure that curious creatures do not get to products, otherwise cleaning is almost guaranteed.

Houseplants

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

All indoor flowers are able to absorb moisture contained in the air, but some of them make this work better. Among them are noble laurel, geranium, cacti, coffee tree, lemon, myrtle, ferns, singenium and spathifylum. This method of deliverance is non-ideal, since a large number of plants require a large amount of water for watering. She, evaporating from the soil, will fall into the air again, and there will be no big effect from the plants.

Charcoal

This substance can pull out only moisture, so coal is used even as the ingredient of face masks. In our case, it is poured in the containers, which are placed in different parts of the room, but not only next to the passages. The cause of precaution is coal dust, not safe to the health of all the inhabitants of the apartment. Therefore, such a natural product is usually used to drain non-residential premises.

Silica gel

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

With this substance in comfortable bags, everything is familiar, as it is an almost mandatory attribute of boxes with new shoes. It is investing in bags, wallets and other similar products that need to be protected from moisture. Of course, such a meager number is not enough for all rooms, but it is possible to get it in the pet store. Silica gel is a popular filler for feline trays, so there will be no problems with the acquisition. Put it in the bags passing the air.

Using hot bricks

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

This method is quite original, but acts almost trouble-free. The material first is well heated, then carefully tolerate into the room, laid on a reliable, non-combustible surface. The operation is repeated until the humidity decreases to the necessary indicators. After 10 procedures, brick loses its absorbent properties, so such a stone is no longer used. Another plus of this method is to increase the temperature in the apartment.

Mold on plastic windows

If the mold was formed on plastic windows and slopes, it should be immediately apparently.

  1. Remove visible fungus spots using an aqueous chlorine solution in a 5: 1 ratio.
  2. Treat windows with ready-made antifungal compositions (Vincents, Tex, Polyline, Dufa) or manufactured by yourself.

At home, you can make money on such recipes:

  • 0.2 l born and 70 percent acetic acid per 1 liter of water;
  • 100 g of sodium fluoride and copper mood for 1 liters of water;
  • 100 ml of copper sulfate and household chlorine on 1 liter of water.

The selected composition must be applied to the surface of plastic frames and slopes with a brush. In order to avoid re-appearance of mold, it is recommended to use waterproofing masts based on rubber. With the help of such funds, waterproof coating can be provided.

Do not forget about the means of protection - gloves and mask. After the processing is completed, check the room for 40 minutes.

Mold on the slope of the plastic window

Plastic windows without ventilation systems often cause fungus and mold appearance

Fungus under the wallpaper

If the mold was formed under the wallpaper, it is necessary to clean the surface from black spots with one of the solutions:

  • Of the washing powder and chlorine (1-2 pt. l. Chlorine and 30-50 g of powder) - dilute a dry mixture of 3 liters of cool water, not forgetting the use of gloves and respirator protection.
  • Of the ½ bar of the economic soap, 100 g of soda and 5 liters of water.

Armed with several pure rags and sponge, it is necessary to clean the walls and dry with a domestic heater or infrared device, then you need to apply an antifungal drug, for example, furacilin or nastatin.

  1. It is good to dissolve 4-6 tablets in 0.5 liters of hot water.
  2. Add another 3-5 liters of water.
  3. Treatment with a solution of the wall of the room. Instead of these drugs, you can also use copper vigor.
  4. Surfaces thoroughly dry.
  5. Apply a soil for shook wallpaper. When choosing a suitable composition, pay attention to products containing antifungal agents.

Fungus under the wallpaper

Education fungus under wallpaper is a frequent problem for premises with high humidity.

Mold in the bathroom

When mold appears in the bathroom, it is also not to do without surface treatment with antifungal compositions. If the fungus was formed on the ceiling, it should be removed from the plaster, cleaning the striking areas from sealant and paint. After completion of the work, it is necessary to make sure whether the pipes and mixers do not flow, eliminate breakdowns. Places of plastic parts can be treated with sealant.

Mold in the bathroom

The reason for the occurrence of mold in the bathroom - the creation of conditions that are optimal for the life of harmful microorganisms

Sources

  • https://trudogolikam.ru/bytovye-sekrety/kak-umenshit-vlazhnost-vozduxa-v-kvartire-bytovye-sekrety.html
  • https://mebel-expert.info/kak-izbavitsya-ot-syrosti-v-kvartire/
  • https://chistsovet.ru/uborka/kak-izbavitsya-ot-syrosti-v-dome/
  • https://idealnijdom.ru/borba-s-plesenyu-kak-izbavitsya-ot-syrosti-vlazhnosti-i-gribka-v-zhilom-dome/
  • https://navseruki.guru/stroitelstvo-i-remont/kak-izbavitsya-ot-vlazhnosti-v-kvartire.html
  • https://dom-i-remont.info/posts/zdorove/kak-izbavitsya-ot-vlazhnosti-v-kvartire-ili-dome-pribory-i-metody/
  • https://legkovmeste.ru/poleznye-sovety/kak-izbavitsya-ot-vlazhnosti-v-kvartire.html.

Everyone dreams of a cozy and comfortable home. But even the most modern apartments are not insured against the appearance of mold fungus because of the too high level of humidity in the premises. You can cope with the problem with the help of effective folk methods and industrial funds.

Causes of dampness

The normal level of humidity in the apartment is no more than 60%. Throughout the hot summer, this indicator can be reduced to 45%. It is under such conditions that a person will feel as comfortable as possible. But if he is high, in residential premises are created optimal conditions for the development of dampness, and therefore fungus.

Woman holding head at the sight of a fungus on the walls

A high level of humidity in the room may cause fungus

The reason for the elevated level of humidity in residential premises can be:

  • Bad ventilation;
  • Damage to water pipes and incorrectly installed home plumbing;
  • Regular drying of linen in residential premises;
  • frequent bath adoption;
  • Availability in the apartment of aquariums and a large number of indoor plants;
  • Unstasiated interconnect seams and cracks.

High humidity is also formed during the cooking process. To eliminate such a problem, it is often quite good to ventilate the room. But if the ceiling proceeds, get rid of dampness will not be so easy.

The appearance of condensate indoors in the summer and winter also contributes to the installation of plastic windows.

Condensate on plastic window

The formation of condensate violates normal microclimate in the apartment

In which places the mold appears

Most often mold can be found on the walls and windows, on the ceiling and floor. Sometimes the fungus is hidden under carpet coatings, in the pile, behind wallpaper, furniture and decorative objects on the walls, as well as in the cabinets and bookshelves. When a mold is detected, it is necessary to make immediate measures to prevent the fungus and completely remove it.

Why dampness can appear in the house

Instructions for lower humidity in an apartment or private house

  1. One of the easiest ways to effectively deal with dampness in the premises is regular ventilation. Carrying a residential premises

    High-quality air ventilation helps to remove excessive humidity

  2. It is also necessary to take care of the isolation of sources of dampness. If the wall in the room becomes moist due to the problems of water supply or sewer pipes, it is necessary to take measures to eliminate breakage, which will allow you to drain the wall over time. But if dampness in a private house occurs due to the close location of the groundwater, the only way to solve the problem is the insulation of the walls and the foundation by waterproof materials, which can be purchased in specialized construction stores . In some cases, it is advisable to organize an additional heating of the room, which will allow driving raw corners and prevent the fungus further development. Room for heating room

    Additional levelworms will reduce humidity and dry raw parts of walls and floors.

  3. To determine the reasons why the walls of the dwellings are covered with moisture, you can use this way: to attach a 50 cm plastic sheet to the inner surface of the wall with a tape, after a few days, remove it and check the condition of the surface under it. If it is dry, the cause of mold is a high level of humidity in the room. If wet, then the reason lies in the seeping of water through the wall. You can get rid of such a problem with the help of special water-repellent paints or plaster, which includes silicone or synthetic latex. To prevent dampness inside, these funds are also applied to the outer walls. At the same time, in some cases it is advisable to carry out comprehensive repair work. Paints in Vöndra

    Water-repellent paints and plaster protect the walls from fungus

  4. Owners of private houses should be remembered that the earthen floors are magnificent moisture conductors. For this reason, they are desirable to cover with polymeric materials or concrete. Concrete Alignment Process

    Concrete floor does not miss an excessive moisture

  5. Cracks need to be removed using solid solid solidification solutions. For the walls apply a solution of plaster. When bringing defects located at the joints of walls and floors, epoxy materials are usually used. Process sealing slots in the wall

    High-quality sealing gaps warn the appearance of fungus in an apartment and a private house

  6. The reasons for excessive moisture inside wooden buildings are poorly regular stitches between logs and insufficient ventilation. You can cope with the problem using special antiseptic preparations and bleachers, effectively removing fungus, such as bosette, neomide, remmers, or requested. The process of seaming seams between wooden buildings

    Seaming seams between logs and wood processing with special compositions will prevent the appearance of dampness inside the house

  7. In apartments located in houses from bricks, foam blocks and aerated concrete, with an elevated level of humidity it is advisable to use air dryers. Such devices are ideal for the destruction of excess moisture in the bathrooms, toilets and in the kitchen. Drying air

    Air dryers will cope with excessive moisture in any residential premises

How to get rid of fungus in the apartment - video

Fungus under linoleum

Often unwanted moisture accumulates under linoleum. It is there that all conditions are created for the development of mold, to get rid of which is completely almost impossible and have to change the coating. It is desirable to comply with important recommendations:

  • On the floors hit by mold, in no case should the old materials can be treated;
  • The fungus often moves to the walls, and therefore it is necessary to cut down the lower part of the wallpaper adjacent to the plinths;
  • When installing a new linoleum, it is desirable to be treated with antifungal drugs.
Fungus under linoleum

To remove the fungus under linoleum, you need to change the floor covering

Fungus under the wallpaper

If the mold was formed under the wallpaper, it is necessary to clean the surface from black spots with one of the solutions:

  • Of the washing powder and chlorine (1-2 pt. l. Chlorine and 30-50 g of powder) - dilute a dry mixture of 3 liters of cool water, not forgetting the use of gloves and respirator protection.
  • Of the ½ bar of the economic soap, 100 g of soda and 5 liters of water.

Armed with several pure rags and sponge, it is necessary to clean the walls and dry with a domestic heater or infrared device, then you need to apply an antifungal drug, for example, furacilin or nastatin.

  1. It is good to dissolve 4-6 tablets in 0.5 liters of hot water.
  2. Add another 3-5 liters of water.
  3. Treatment with a solution of the wall of the room. Instead of these drugs, you can also use copper vigor.
  4. Surfaces thoroughly dry.
  5. Apply a soil for shook wallpaper. When choosing a suitable composition, pay attention to products containing antifungal agents.
Fungus under the wallpaper

Education fungus under wallpaper is a frequent problem for premises with high humidity.

Mold on plastic windows

If the mold was formed on plastic windows and slopes, it should be immediately apparently.

  1. Remove visible fungus spots using an aqueous chlorine solution in a 5: 1 ratio.
  2. Treat windows with ready-made antifungal compositions (Vincents, Tex, Polyline, Dufa) or manufactured by yourself.

At home, you can make money on such recipes:

  • 0.2 l born and 70 percent acetic acid per 1 liter of water;
  • 100 g of sodium fluoride and copper mood for 1 liters of water;
  • 100 ml of copper sulfate and household chlorine on 1 liter of water.

The selected composition must be applied to the surface of plastic frames and slopes with a brush. In order to avoid re-appearance of mold, it is recommended to use waterproofing masts based on rubber. With the help of such funds, waterproof coating can be provided.

Do not forget about the means of protection - gloves and mask. After the processing is completed, check the room for 40 minutes.

Mold on the slope of the plastic window

Plastic windows without ventilation systems often cause fungus and mold appearance

How to get rid of condensate on the windows PVC - video

Mold in the bathroom

When mold appears in the bathroom, it is also not to do without surface treatment with antifungal compositions. If the fungus was formed on the ceiling, it should be removed from the plaster, cleaning the striking areas from sealant and paint. After completion of the work, it is necessary to make sure whether the pipes and mixers do not flow, eliminate breakdowns. Places of plastic parts can be treated with sealant.

Mold in the bathroom

The reason for the occurrence of mold in the bathroom - the creation of conditions that are optimal for the life of harmful microorganisms

What if the bathroom formed a black mold - video

Mold in the basement

If the mold appeared in the basement, but the situation is not yet too running, you can use the following way.

  1. Divide in 10 liters of water 250 ml of formalin 40%.
  2. Proceed by the composition of the amazed parts of the walls and dried them.
  3. After apply plaster on the walls and pave the ceiling. By providing good ventilation, it will not be worried about the re-appearance of mold.
Mold in the basement

Mold in the basement - frequent phenomenon in apartment and private houses

How to remove dampness from the cellar - video

Homemade means to combat fungus and dampness

In addition to industrial compositions in the fight against fungus, you can use efficient and inexpensive homemade products.

  1. Take 0.5 kg of household soap, soda on a grade and dissolve in 5 liters of water.
  2. Boost the resulting composition, cool it out.
  3. In warm summer weather, apply a brush several layers of soap solution on moldy walls without wallpaper.
  4. After covering them with a composition prepared from 100 g of alum and 6 liters of water.

You can cope with dampness with calcium chloride, putting it in the corners. To reuse, it must be dried under the influence of high temperatures, and after the console. Fucking charcoal and negascinated lime will come up as a replacement. However, when using this method, you should take care of the inaccessibility of these substances for children and domestic animals.

Prevention of the appearance of mold

  1. To prevent the appearance of molds, control the level of humidity in the room with a hydrometer.
  2. Provide high-quality ventilation and sufficient sunlight.
  3. In the bathroom and in the kitchen, use fans, regularly check the thrust in the ventilation mines, follow the condition of sanitary nodes, especially in the places of their compounds.
  4. Get fractures in the walls and floors.
  5. When conducting a major overhaul, use mineral materials, allowing more effectively to adjust the level of humidity in the rooms.
  6. Take care of high-quality waterproofing.
  7. Regularly inspect the plastic seals on the PVC windows, check their suitability, carry out timely replacement.
  8. At the first appearance of condensate, eliminate the cause of its formation in a timely manner.

Simple and accessible methods will help eliminate excess moisture levels in the premises, thereby preventing the development of malicious fungus. Using a variety of means and compositions, do not forget about safety measures capable of protecting your health. Regular prophylactic measures will reduce the risk of re-education of mold in your home.

Anna LipkovskayaHello, my name is Anna. I am 37 years old. Higher management education. Divorced, bring up a daughter. Rate article:

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Healthy dwelling microclimate is a mandatory condition, only it guarantees well-being and the absence of any health problems at the owners. Unfortunately, the owners of the apartments are often faced with dry air or, on the contrary, with the highest humidity, which is also destructive for a person, is dangerous for finishing materials, furniture and things. The first can be eliminated by buying a moisturizer, and what to do with the second? First you need to define the culprit of the problem, and then try to quickly eliminate it. Good ways, how to get rid of moisture in the apartment, there are several. To get the result in the shortest possible time, a combination of several methods is possible.

High humidity: Causes and consequences

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

The norm of relative humidity, optimal for human prosperity, is considered to be the range of 45-60 °. According to the SNiP documents, the maximum permissible humidity in the apartment is 65%, in autumn-winter, heating, the period of value is much lower, but also considered the norm - from 40 to 45 °.

For building materials, furniture, books Optimal 40-50%, for indoor plants This indicator is higher: it is 60 °. The humidity that has reached a level of 70% becomes dampness, the conditions in which the rapid appearance of a dangerous aggressor - mold fungus, whose disputes can fly to any apartment. An elementary household hygrometer is acquired to determine humidity in the house. Or the meteorological station is a device that is measuring both temperature and humidity.

Causes

What provokes an increase in water vapor in the air? With this anomaly, you can encounter if:

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

  • The apartment is on the first floor, and in the basement of the house constant dampness;
  • It is located on the top floor of the building, the roof (roof) of which flows, or a waterproof defect appeared (swell);
  • Ventilation does not work well: it does not cope due to sealed plastic windows, old ventilation mines scored by garbage;
  • Errors were made in design, the consequence became poor-quality or incorrectly arranged heat and waterproofing;
  • During the repair, finishing materials were used, not able to "breathe";
  • The owners live a lot of indoor plants, there is aquarium;
  • The walls have unclosed seams or large cracks;
  • The apartment regularly erases and dried underwear;
  • there was a flood arranged by neighbors;
  • The owners flow cranes or pipes.

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

Another factor leading to the pointing of the walls is incorrectly selected thickness and view of the insulation, installation of it without preheat engineering calculations. In this case, the dew point is the place of the formation of condensate (meetings of warm and cold air masses) - it remains just between the wall and the heat insulating material. The result is the transformation of the house in the "thermos", concomitant dampness and the rapid appearance of mold.

Other reasons provoking humid-uncomfortable conditions, no. Several of these factors can become the culprits of dampness. By eliminating one, the most serious, or several of them immediately, you can quickly give the indicators to normal. If you do not take any action, then a unwanted visitor will soon become a mold, will get rid of which is not so easy.

Effects

Sometimes the owners begin to suspect the wrong only when the unpleasant smell of dampness comes from things, curtains or furniture appears. However, it is not the main threat, since there are more serious consequences of the interaction of the apartment in moisture. Among them:

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

  1. Almost guaranteed mold appearance. Some of her types (for example, black fungus) are very dangerous for the respiratory system. Allergic reactions are becoming the very first sign of dangerous neighborhood, constant colds, a runny nose.
  2. Accommodation in such conditions is the risk of rapid decrease in immunity, the occurrence of very dangerous diseases. Long-term contact with mildew disputes is fraught with the appearance of the scary of them: this is the formation of cancer cells.
  3. Since excessive humidity is often provoked by poor ventilation, dual discomfort appears. Carbon dioxide accumulates in the air, causing a decrease in concentration, lethargy, fatigue.
  4. Damage the walls, and hence the detachment of the finishing material. Possible swelling parquet.
  5. Appearance of plaque on clothing and underwear.

The greatest threat of increased humidity is for children, since the growing organism due to the rapid immunity is extremely susceptible to all adverse conditions. Therefore, at the very first suspicions associated with the unusual high level of moisture, you need to urgently take action.

How to determine the moisture without the device?

If there is no equipment, but it is necessary to determine the humidity for some reason, you can use several options.

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

  1. The glass is filled with water from under the tap, then cooled it three hours to 3-5 °. Capacity put in the room, but away from heating radiators. After a short period of time (about 5 minutes), condensate will fall on the walls. The level of moisture is determined by the time of its evaporation. If it disappeared quickly, then the humidity is low, if it remains on the walls, then the humidity in the room is normal. When water flows into the jets, in the room an excess of moisture.
  2. Spruce (pine) cones. In the apartment with dry air, drying scales will start opening. In the one where the air is raw, on the contrary, they will soon close.
  3. Clothes, unpleasant to the touch, surfaces, long dry after cleaning, constantly fogging windows - also signs of high levels of humidity.

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

There is another way, he helps learn what has become a source of problems. A small piece of glass is applied to the wall for a few minutes. If, when it is removed on the surface there is a wet spot, external conditions are to blame. The wall remaining dry means that elevated humidity is caused by something inside the room.

How to get rid of moisture in the apartment?

If the excess of the humidity level is significant, then its fast normalization is the task number 1, because the well-being of all "apartments" depends on the microclimate, including four-legged pets. There are methods simple and more complex, but they will definitely cope with the problem.

Elimination of all threats from the outside

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

The causes of high humidity in an apartment or house are often errors made in design and / or construction. The result of unscrupulous work is a disorder of hydro and thermal insulation. In this case, the owners will have to make maximum efforts: remove the entire finish, to inspect the surfaces, seal joints and defects.

First of all check the walls, ceilings and gender. Close the cracks, conduct high-quality sealing of seams. The surfaces are processed by priming bioprochet from mold, coated with acrylic water-repellent paint or plaster, which prevents the fungus. Some wall materials require additional devices for drying air.

Correct insulation

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

How to get rid of moisture in the apartment, if its insulation is planned? In this case, there are two ways, both of them guarantee the achievement of the target.

  1. The use of the thermal insulation layer of the maximum thickness. For polystyrene (foam), Ideal will be 100-150 mm. This value will be guaranteed that the dew point will be in the thickness of the insulation, outside the walls. This figure is a guarantee for the house in any region.
  2. The use of vapor-permeable thermal insulation material - minvati and its varieties - and the device of the ventilated facade in private houses. Such an operation will also forget about moisture accumulating in the room.

Frequent ventilation

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

This is the easiest way that does not imply any costs. However, such an elementary operation carried out regularly (10 minutes from 3 to 6 times daily) will only help if the weather is windy and dry. Otherwise, the owners of the owned goal will not achieve.

This method should be a rule after washing, cooking, taking water procedures, wet room cleaning. During drying linen, ventilation is also necessary. Help in the fight against humidity can have a simple household fan. It is capable of drying a little, if the opportunity to air the apartment often (for some reason) is not.

Installation of forced ventilation

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

This method will allow you to get rid of high humidity times and forever. But the back side of the "medal" will be high costs and inconvenience. For normal (permanent) ventilation operation, electricity will be required, you will have to build a system of channels. We must prepare for the fact that the owners will constantly interfere with the noise background.

A branched system will quickly save the situation if they add a recuperator to it, eliminating the room from excessive moisture. But the installation of such forced ventilation is unreal in apartment buildings. The only thing that can be made there is to mount the fan in the kitchen ventilation channel, to buy an efficient hood.

Heating devices, dryers

In the autumn-winter period, the main work on the removal of moisture from the air performs centralized heating. But in this case, the inhabitants of apartment buildings appear a new opponent - excessive dry air. For this reason, it is not recommended to use additional devices, as it is very easy to cut the room, and for health such conditions will also be undesirable.

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

How to get rid of humidity in the apartment at a time when the heating system does not work? Colling level of humidity capable of reduce special drying devices. They are released for home use. Such models are distinguished by silent operation, ease and compact sizes. The device can be included only periodically.

The devices are quite effective: they remove water vapors within an hour, but the composition of the air does not change. Moisture collected in the container, after the work of the desiccant merge. Additional functions depend on the device (prices, producer): Sometimes the models are equipped with other elements - filters, flavors, ozonomators.

Auxiliary folk remedies

In fact, potential assistants are quite a lot, as you can get rid of moisture in the apartment with other products that are adsorbents absorbing moisture from the air. There are other saviors, however, with a very large level of humidity, they will not be able to cope.

Silica gel

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

With this substance in comfortable bags, everything is familiar, as it is an almost mandatory attribute of boxes with new shoes. It is investing in bags, wallets and other similar products that need to be protected from moisture. Of course, such a meager number is not enough for all rooms, but it is possible to get it in the pet store. Silica gel is a popular filler for feline trays, so there will be no problems with the acquisition. Put it in the bags passing the air.

Products - Adsorbents

If you look for a means among food, then sugar, salt, soda, rice and coffee beans have remarkable absorption properties. They are poured into small containers, and then set apartments in different places: on the shelves, in the cabinets, on the floor under furniture. Those who have four-legged researchers must ensure that curious creatures do not get to products, otherwise cleaning is almost guaranteed.

Houseplants

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

All indoor flowers are able to absorb moisture contained in the air, but some of them make this work better. Among them are noble laurel, geranium, cacti, coffee tree, lemon, myrtle, ferns, singenium and spathifylum. This method of deliverance is non-ideal, since a large number of plants require a large amount of water for watering. She, evaporating from the soil, will fall into the air again, and there will be no big effect from the plants.

Charcoal

This substance can pull out only moisture, so coal is used even as the ingredient of face masks. In our case, it is poured in the containers, which are placed in different parts of the room, but not only next to the passages. The cause of precaution is coal dust, not safe to the health of all the inhabitants of the apartment. Therefore, such a natural product is usually used to drain non-residential premises.

Using hot bricks

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

This method is quite original, but acts almost trouble-free. The material first is well heated, then carefully tolerate into the room, laid on a reliable, non-combustible surface. The operation is repeated until the humidity decreases to the necessary indicators. After 10 procedures, brick loses its absorbent properties, so such a stone is no longer used. Another plus of this method is to increase the temperature in the apartment.

Recommendations for apartment exploitation

Since getting rid of moisture if it is very high, it is quite difficult, it is better to "anticipate" these unfavorable, dangerous conditions. Some recommendations are able to help cope with high humidity.

How to get rid of moisture in an apartment or house: devices and methods

  1. After any procedures and operations related to the use of a large amount of water, be sure to ventilate the premises. Even short-term ventilation will help - from 5 to 10 minutes.
  2. Plastic double-glazed windows equipped with built-in ventilation (supply valves) will make microclimate more comfortable.
  3. Installing an exhaust or fan in Ventscanals will prevent moisture accumulation in the most "wet" rooms of the apartment.
  4. Dehumidifiers are the necessary technique where humidity is increased. Air conditioning is the best option for its adjustment.
  5. Drying linen in a wet apartment is prohibited, so ropes in any case better stretching on the balcony.
  6. High-quality floorproofing floor is the first need if the apartment is located on the lower floor.
  7. Regular cleaning of ventilation grids and holes - operation, forget about which you can not.
  8. When buying room plants, it is better to choose those species that do not require frequent irrigation.
  9. Fast elimination of all leaks (tube, mixers) - compulsory condition.

Before getting rid of moisture in the apartment, it is necessary to detect the main reason for this phenomenon. Otherwise, no methods will help. By installing the culprit of a noncomfortable microclimate, on the contrary, it is relatively easy to prevent all the consequences.

All measures, especially in the complex, will help to cope with a serious situation, as it is necessary to get rid of humidity in a short time. Otherwise, unwanted and very dangerous neighbors will soon appear - mold fungi. Eliminate them will be much harder. This is already the topic of a separate article, and one of the ways to combat them is shown in this video:

Dampness is an ideal environment for formation and active breeding of mold fungi on the walls. They are dangerous to humans, increase the likelihood of the development of allergic and respiratory diseases in adults and children. That is why humidity indicators must be optimal, and they must be controlled. You can get rid of dampness in the house only with integrated actions. Initially, it is worth measuring the level of humidity and inspect the problem areas: corners and boards under the main flooring, evaluate how effectively the exhaust is running. Then inspect the room and plumbing for the sources of moisture. With the characteristic smell that appeared in the raw room, you can fight folk methods.

Determine the humidity of the air

This indicator needs a person. If it is below the norm, health problems may arise. With raising marks, the walls, internal and exterior finish of the house, furniture, clothing are affected. These signs report that marks are in an invalid range, and the problem needs to be solved.

Mold on the wall

Hygrometer

The easiest method to obtain accurate readings. The hygrometer is designed to measure gases. When choosing a device for home, you must pay attention to the error. Its indicator should not exceed 1%. The mechanical device looks like a scale with an arrow, but there are more modern options. You can purchase an electronic thermometer for an apartment with a built-in hygrometer. Normal is the humidity of air in the range of 40-60%. For the bathroom and kitchen, the indicator may be a little more. If the marks obtained after the measurement are above the norm, it is necessary to establish the causes of inconsistencies and search for methods that allow you to get rid of excess dampness in a separate room or the whole house.

Electronic thermometer with hygrometer

Psychricheetric table

The psychometric table is used to determine the indoor index in the room. This method is based on the use of two thermometers (dry and wet). Such a device is called a psychrometer.

To determine the concentration of water in the air, you must adhere to the following algorithm:

  1. Mark paper temperature indicator (data from room thermometer).
  2. Cut the end of the thermometer with a damp cloth and remove new data in 5-7 minutes.
  3. If the indicator is higher than on a dry thermometer, the material must be mixed further and repeat the measurement.
  4. The resulting indicator is fixed and verified with the Assman table.
  5. Dry thermometer data is shown in the left column, and the difference between indicators is in the top row.
  6. The humidity indicator must be sought at the intersection of two graphs.

Psychricheetric table

If the indicator is low, water from the moistened tissue will evaporate faster, and the temperature will raise rapidly.

Glass with water

This method is not considered accurate, so the measurement is recommended to carry out if there are no special devices in stock. Work algorithm:

  1. Fill the transparent glass glass with water.
  2. Cool the vessel along with content to + 5 ° C. To do this, it is enough to withstand it in the refrigerator for 3-4 hours.
  3. Place the tank with water away from the heating devices and other heating elements.
  4. Rate the result.

If the walls of the dishes faded, and after 10-15 minutes they became dry, the level of humidity in the room is too low. If the poverty walls were not dried, and the drops themselves simply flow into the glass, you can state the excess of the norms. The remaining condensate that does not flow down the capacitance, indicates that the numbers are within the normal range.

Glass with water

Attention! This test has minimal accuracy, interpret the indicators and it is impossible to obtain a numeric value.

Determine the cause of high humidity

Understand why in a private house smells with damp, you can, turning attention to the details. Often the problem is noticeable to the naked eye, it can occur under the action of internal and external factors. Humidity also increases due to improper ventilation or in case of violation of the integrity of the coatings. Water from the street penetrates inside, but does not evaporate. Before eliminating such factors, the repair is pointless, the violation will return after some time.

Test with glass

A simple test with the use of glass will help to understand where the moisture is taken from the apartment. It can penetrate the house from the street, but sometimes the source is indoors. To obtain accurate information, you need to perform such actions:

  1. Select a room with a high level of humidity. One of its walls should be outdoor.
  2. Take a small piece of glass and attach it to the wall, fasten with scotch. It is important to comply with the basic condition - the maximum adjacent, otherwise the data will not be accurate.
  3. After 3-4 hours, turn off the glass and evaluate the result.

If the surface that was adjacent to the wall became wet - the water penetrates the apartment from the street. When drops appear on the back - the source of dampness must be sought within the house.

Glass

It is possible to understand that the concentration of moisture in the air is higher than the norm without testing. It can be seen if the room in the room constantly faded, and the lingerie on the dryer does not dry over for several days. A simple test with window glass can be spent in winter when the air temperature difference on the street and the maximum room. It is enough to leave the window closed and turn on the gas burner. If the glass surface in a few minutes will cover moisture - the problem is exactly.

External reasons

Most often, the growth of humidity indicators in an apartment or private house is associated with a mistake at the construction stage of the building. The defect may not appear immediately, but as it is exploited - due to wear of communications. The list of major factors capable of affecting the level of moisture indoors:

  • Tightness disorders. Water after precipitation accumulates in stoves or bricks. Often it is manifested when the solution for attaching the lining dissipates and falls out. The integrity of the wall is broken, emissions arise in which dampness accumulates;
  • flooding. Dampness in the apartment on the first floors appears due to the flooded basement. It may be some water in it, but it will find the output and rises up with not the tightness of the junctions between the wall and flooring. The destruction of the scene of the house is not excluded;
  • Blood leakage. This faces residents of the upper floors. The problem rarely occurs instantly. Initially, water enters the stove and accumulates there, because of this, the humidity indoors increases. Over time, concrete gives a leak, and water during the rain falls right in the apartment;
  • Violation of the ventilation device. When implementing a scheme with errors, the flow of warm air will not be able to move in full.

Attention! Residents of multi-storey houses have the right to apply to the management company. Housing and communal services must establish an accurate cause and eliminate it.

Internal reasons

If there are no external defects at the house, ventilation is good, the dampness in the apartment can provoke the following factors:

  • leakage of sewage pipes or centralized heating;
  • wind tightness disorders;
  • Wet lingerie drying inside the apartment;
  • storage of liquids in open containers;
  • breeding indoor plants and cultivation of flowers in the apartment;
  • violation of the rules of cooking (cooking in an open pot);
  • Placing several aquariums in one room at home.

Boiling saucepan

You can get rid of moisture and dampness if you eliminate these factors. If the problem lies in the cultivation of plants or place several aquariums in the room, it must be eliminated. Vases with flowers and reservoir with fish can be moved to another room, then the indicator stabilizes. It is also necessary to comply with the rules when cooking - do not keep open pan with boiling content and close containers with household liquids.

Ways to eliminate external reasons

Fighting the damp, which appeared under the influence of external factors in a private house, will have to the owner itself. If dampness occurs in the apartment, employees of housing and communal services should be liquidated. When the increased humidity is formed due to the combination of several violations during the construction of the house, the integrated approach will remove it. It is necessary to check all the "modules", appreciate the condition of the basement, roofs and walls, ensure waterproofing, and then make cosmetic repairs.

Waterproofing at home or floor in the apartment

Ensuring waterproofing is an important stage of repair, if this moment is ignored, the dampness from the street will penetrate the house. As a result of this, fungus appears on the walls and floor coverings. If it was possible to establish that the problem lies in non-compliance with the norms of the waterproofing device, it will have to redo it. Otherwise, get rid of dampness and mold in the house will not work, all methods will give a short-term result.

Poland waterproofing

For the waterproofing device, such materials are used as:

  • Rolled film;
  • Perforated film;
  • liquid solutions;
  • Dry plaster mixes;
  • penetrating mixtures.

Attention! If there is no basement in a private house, you will additionally have to arrange a "pillow" under waterproofing. It is made of gravel and sand, and on top laid a water-repellent substrate.

In high-rise buildings, waterproofing should be done not only in raw rooms, but in the whole apartment, otherwise moisture will still be seamless.

Wall insulation

The dampness on the walls appears due to the fact that moisture from the street seeps into small gaps. They can be invisible to humans, but to interfere with comfortable accommodation. You can get rid of this phenomenon with the help of outdoor or internal wall insulation. For external finishing use:

  • Styrofoam;
  • mineral wool;
  • polystyrene foam.

Wall insulation

Modern materials provide reliable thermal insulation. They remove moisture and pairs in one direction, that is, they remove it from the walls, but do not absorb from the street. If everything is done correctly, in the summer it will be cool in the apartment, and in winter it is warm. For insulation of walls, minvatu, foaming, polyethylene and corkscrew wallpapers are used from the inside.

Additional ventilation

If the house smells like dampness, probably, the extractor works deficiently. It can be clogged. Over time, this will lead to a damage of upholstered furniture, inside which the moisture will also be accumulated, walls and gears can be spoiled (if it is wooden). The main problem that sets the owners of housing is the formation of mold.

You can get rid of high humidity in the kitchen and bathroom by installing a channel recovery. It will help to dry the air in the premises and ensure the ventilation. Some modern models perform the air conditioner function, but they work only on heating. Instruments can be additionally equipped with ozonomators and filters.

Attention! Installation is not always justified. Sometimes it is enough to check the condition of the main ventilation stroke and eliminate its blockage. It is necessary to clean the ventilation 1 time per year.

Roof repair

One of the reasons for damp in a private house and the apartment is to leap water from the roof. You can get rid of defect, the main thing is to find a problem area. If the coating itself looks integer, it does not mean that there are no cracks in it. Fully remove the old material is optional, it is enough to separate the inner part with a suitable waterproofing material.

Redecorating

Full-purpose waterproofing work, wall insulation, roof repair and ventilation restoration are carried out by the first step. Next, it is necessary to struggle with excessive humidity, otherwise the smell will remain. Cosmetic repairs consisting in eliminating old finishing materials - the final stage, stabilizing the level of moisture.

Redecorating

Works are produced in several stages:

  1. Remove old wallpapers damaged mold and dampness.
  2. The surface of the walls or old plaster is treated with antiseptic solution and clean it from the fungus. You can use copper vigor. For processing basement - lime.
  3. Seeing the room after processing during the day (work is better to perform in summer).
  4. Apply a primer to the walls, shuffle them with a thin layer.
  5. Conduct the finish finish. It is better to choose a wallpaper on a fliesline basis, they delay moisture.

Such actions will help slightly reduce the humidity of the air in the apartment, but without liquidation the main reason the problem will remain, and it will not get rid of it for a long time. New wallpapers can again be covered with mold.

Elimination of internal reasons

The effect of internal reasons is neutralized easier than external. The main thing is to detect the source-provocateur in a timely manner. If elevated moisture marks led to peeling, it will have to additionally process, removing the coating and shining the surface from mold and damaged plaster.

Elimination of sources of moisture

Get rid of excessive humidity in the apartment, by following the following recommendations:

  • If the washed lingerie to dry on the street or the balcony is impossible, it is necessary to wash it in small batches, choosing days with dry weather. The dryer for linen is better to put at the window and open it to the ventilation for the inflow of fresh air;
  • Home aquariums need to cover with glass or special lids that prevent the evaporation of water from vessels;
  • Flakes and cans with liquids need to close tightly;
  • Indoor plants on window sills should be placed in limited quantities. In winter, when the instruments of centralized heating are operating, the vases must be moved to the stand, otherwise the water from the soil will evaporate, which will lead to an increase in air humidity and a feeling of dampness;
  • Boiling liquid pots need to be covered with a lid.

Attention! When cooking, the window in the kitchen needs to be put on ventilation. This will prevent the stalk fog.

Repair of pipes and plumbing

Search the source of dampness in the room should be in the bathroom. To do this, it is necessary to examine the sewer riser and water pipes. If there is flow, it must be eliminated. Remove the dampness in the house helps replacing old cast-iron communications on plastic. Such pipes are characterized by a long period of exploitation, they are rarely formed condensate, which becomes the cause of dampness.

Repair of pipes

Checking window structures

It is necessary to check modern plastic windows, because the problem of fogging rarely affects old, wooden structures. The reason for the formation of condensate on the glass surface is in reinforced tightness, there is no place to leave a couple. That is why even in winter it is recommended to arrange daily end-to-end ventilation by a duration of at least 10-15 minutes.

Attention! Note the problem with the windows is very simple. They usually face in the morning. The reason may not be in the design, but in violation of ventilation.

Setting an exhaust

Get rid of the damp in the bathroom and in the kitchen you can at the expense of the extract with the built-in fan. This is a small device that consumes the minimum amount of electricity and is installed in a conventional ventilating hole. You can set the on / off timer on such an extract or run the work as needed. Due to its use, the level of humidity in the room can be noticeably adjusted.

Installing an exhaust with a fan

How to get rid of the smell of damp in the house?

If a characteristic smell of dampness appeared in the house, it will quickly spread throughout the premises, penetrates cabinets and dressers, impresses lingerie and clothing. Simple methods and remedies will help to get rid of it.

Carrying

Quickly get rid of the smell of sharpness and dampness in an apartment or house will help the most common and simple method - ventilation. The main thing, open windows only on dry and windy weather or in the summer in the heat, otherwise there will be no effect. Be sure to arrange through the ventilation after the operation of the gas stove. Take a rule - after bathing the door in the bathroom you need to leave open for several hours, it is better to additionally turn on the hood.

Heaters, air conditioners and air dryers

Special devices help to get rid of sharpness and dampness in the room, in particular, dryers. They effectively work in residential and non-residential premises. Selecting the design for the house, pay attention to three parameters:

  • economical power consumption;
  • compactness;
  • Low noise.

air dryer

Normalize humidity indicators will help the heater (in winter) and air conditioning (in summer). These devices are dried air, therefore can eliminate dampness. With caution, it is necessary to use a heater in apartments where centralized heating is connected, because the air can be cut, which also affects the well-being of a person.

Attention! Often the smell of dampness comes from the washing machine, and it is difficult to get rid of it. You can gradually eliminate it, leaving the drum after washing open. If the situation is complex, absorbents or aromatic additives can be laid in it.

Absorbents

Remove the dampness in the lockers and other furniture will help usual food. Can be used:

  • rice;
  • salt;
  • coffee beans;
  • sugar.

These substances are recommended to pour into rag bags and place in inconspicuous places.

Attention! Sugar will help remove dampness, but will attract insects into the house, in particular, cockroaches and ants, so it is necessary to use it carefully.

Pah nuts

Eliminate the plump smell in the room helps substances with a sharp aroma. You can use them with the following means:

  • calcium chloride. Pieces of the substance should be missed to the state of the bulk mixture and decompose on the capacities that are placed where there is a fungus and moisture. Over time, the substance will become wet, and it will need to be replaced or dried and reused;
  • vinegar. The tool is used to eliminate unpleasant odors. A solution of vinegar 3% in proportion 1: 1 with water is used to wipe the surfaces. Over time, the smell of dampness will disappear;
  • ammonia. The ammonia also wipes the surfaces in drawers and cabinets. Processing is advised regularly, with intervals 1 time per week;
  • essential oils. Natural aromatic additives in special containers are recommended to hang inside the wardrobe, put in the chest of drawers with bed linen and shoes. You can use in all rooms.

Essential oils

When used, it should be borne in mind that all aromatic oils are natural, therefore, they should be used carefully, they can provoke the attacks of an allergic reaction.

How to get rid of the shaft smell on clothes?

Remove the smell of dampness from clothing helps a solution of a sole salt with ammonia alcohol. For its cooking you need to take:

  • water - 1 l;
  • Salt - 2 tbsp. l.;
  • Liquid ammonia - 1 tbsp. l.

Put the cooked mixture on the stove and boil for 1 hour, then dilute in 10 liters of water and use to soak things. Clothes leave in water for 1 hour, and then launch in a washing machine with powder and air conditioning for linen.

Tip! You can also soak clothing in water with the addition of vinegar at the rate of 1 tbsp. l. per 1 l. Soak for 2 hours, then wrapping with the addition of air conditioner.

Textile-dried in the fresh air is recommended to try at the maximum allowable temperature. You can use special perfumey water for iron.

Under the influence of internal factors, air humidity in a private house or apartment rises for a while, and then normalizes on its own. If the problem is constantly present, you need to look for its provocateur among external reasons. Perhaps the extractor works incorrectly, and the liquid together with the ferry simply does not have time to be output.

hygrometer

How to reduce air humidity in the apartment? This question is concerned about many residents of high-rise buildings. In the rawroom premises, it is uncomfortable and even dangerous. On their walls, the fungus is quickly settled, and the air becomes heavy.

Incorrect home microclimate can provoke problems such as sneezing, concrete, swelling of the nasal mucosa, insomnia, articular pain, weakness. Over time, immunity can significantly reduce, an allergic response is developed, chronic respiratory diseases. It can even provoke oncological processes in the body.

Moisture norms in residential room

It is believed that the normal moisture content of the residential premises is about 40-60%. In the summer and winter, it will change, when the heating is turned on and off. The hygrometer will help measure such indicators. To remove indicators in the apartment it is better to use an electronic hygrometer.

rate 40-60%

The human body is dangerous both dry and too wet air. And for air conditioners, there is a separate reason to worry about. It literally pulls the water out of the air, overly dried it. Enhance moisture can even wet underwear or rare ventilation.

reduced and increased humidity

Why you should dry too wet air

High humidity leads to the appearance of fungus in the house. His disputes are transferred by air, penetrating into the light of the inhabitants, guests at home. This causes rhinitis, asthma. With constant accommodation in such unfavorable conditions, chronic rhinitis, migraine, violations in the work of the cardiovascular system are provided. But it is not necessary to panic, in most cases you can successfully reduce the humidity.

Cold and warm

Causes of dampness indoors

There are a lot of moisture sources in the house:

  • shower, bath;
  • Washing underwear, his drying in the apartment;
  • Aquariums;
  • plants;
  • Groundwater;
  • external environment;
  • Human breathing.

Low and high humidity harm

Among the main reasons for increasing humidity are distinguished:

  • Violated natural ventilation. This is the most frequent reason. Often it is connected with the replacement of windows on plastic. Unfair manufacturers can save and not provide a product with a special ventilation system. Such windows are too sealed and simply do not give moisture to leave the dwelling. Condensate appears, mold is formed.
  • Foundation, walls are poorly isolated from moisture. This is due to violation of the construction of a residential building. With such errors, the foundation transmits moisture to all the walls, and they evaporate it inside the room. Such defects are practically irreparable.
  • Oddly enough, the third prevalence is a salt. Its in winter can add to the foundation so that it becomes durable even in the frost. If the concrete walls have a salt, they will be constantly wet. In this case, you need to be patient. After a few years, the walls are finally dried.
  • Frequent rains. At the same time, dampness from the street goes into the house.
  • Aquariums, home fountains, waterfalls. They are better placed in rooms with a dry climate.
  • Drying linen in rooms, in the kitchen.
  • The windows come out not on the south. Shady arrangement increases moisture.
  • Weak central heating in the apartment.
  • Legging roof.

Methods of lowering moisture in the home

It is possible to reduce moisture with the help of various means, but it is important to reveal the exact reason for its enhancement in your home.

  • High humidity may be temporary, for example, during cooking. In this case, ventilation will help. You can use undergraduate tools, for example, turn on the heater. The main thing is to provide good circulation and oxygen access. Especially powerful should be an air flow in the room if the moisture began to condense on the walls. This can be achieved with the help of a regular draft.
  • The raw room must be played regularly with a heating device.
  • The poor condition of the ceiling can also lead to raising dampness. Drain it is not easy. You can try to re-shuffle. At the same time, the furniture is carried out so that moisture absorbed into it.
  • PVC windows are able to significantly limit air access in housing and provoke dampness in it. When ordering frames, make a special ventilation system.
  • There are modern facilities for processing premises, lowering moisture (for example, "stop moisture"). They are present in the absorber crystals, absorbent. Moisture is in special containers.

Memo

So, humidity indicators can be improved independently:

  1. Provide enough good penetration of sunlight inside the room. Move the curtulously regularly. On the windowsill should not be bulky colors.
  2. Cheat more often (three times in half an hour). Especially effectively ventilating in the summer, in winter, when the air on the street is as dry as possible. At night you can leave an open window in the kitchen.
  3. Provide the right ventilation. Check if the ventilation window is not closed, the system itself works.
  4. If very damp, you can turn on the household heater. It quickly heats up and dries air.
  5. Plasterboard, wood - building materials that prevent increased humidity. Use them when repairing.
  6. Gypsum can be seized even the walls. The waterproofing plaster will also help to cope with the problem.
  7. Warm walls outside. This will help, unless, of course, did not lead a flooded basement.
  8. Install the hood in the kitchen. Turn it on each cooking. Cover kitchen utensils.
  9. Candles, hairdryer and even indoor plants (which do not require frequent watering) will help a little to dry the room "atmosphere".
  10. If the dampness settled in the closet, swallow clothes with a hot iron.

Air dryer: work principles

We told in detail how to dry the air in the apartment without a dryer, but in some cases without this device could not do. The dryer is used if the humidity indicators in the apartment are too high, and other methods of struggle did not help.

Household dryers

  • Its work is based on air absorption through the evaporator. Inside the device, the temperature is lower than in the room. Moisture condenses on its walls and flows into the container. At the same time, the dried flow arrives back to the room.
  • So, this device will help to quickly dry too wet air in the apartment. The moisture maker can be portable or stationary. The latter have greater performance. They are mounted in the wall, which saves room space. Portable have smaller dimensions, because their power is lower. When buying should be clarified, what is the power of the device. Choose a machine with maximum power.
  • You can try to assemble the air dryer with your own hands. To do this, view the video after the article.

We described in detail how to choose the air dryer for housing in this article.

Prevention of dress in the dwelling

For prevention it is worth remembering the following tips:

  1. After washing, soul, bathaking, ventilate the bathroom.
  2. The apartment does not need to dry underwear. There is a balcony for this. In modern washing machines there is also a function of drying.
  3. Install plastic windows with ventilation.
  4. Refuse aquarium, fountain or room waterfall.
  5. Among the indoor plants, choose succulents, cacti. They do not need frequent watering.

So, the increased humidity in the apartments is a very common problem. Follow the simple advisions of the prevention, and you will not come across this extremely unpleasant phenomenon.

Video: air dryer do it yourself

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