Ficus, as a houseplant, appreciated for its high decorativeness. But, unfortunately, there are cases when the leaves of the green plant begin to gradually turn yellow and fell. Ignore this process is not worth it, as your plant can die without due attention.
In this article we will try to deal with the reasons that can provoke the yellowing of the leaves, as well as the attention of the activities to protect the plant from negative environmental factors.
Natural process of yellowing ficus leaves
The most common cause of the yellowing of the leaves is the natural factor. Adult copies regularly change green cover, so if you are confident in the correctness of the culture care, it makes sense to determine its age. Perhaps it is he who causes a change in the color of sheet plates.
Age of plants
Most varieties of ficuses have the life expectancy of the above-ground parts is no more than three years. After that, they gradually change the color, begin to die and fall.
As a rule, this process begins with the lower tiers. Moreover, this is an absolutely natural phenomenon that is repeated with a certain periodicity (Figure 1). A similar process can begin with a young copy: as its development, the lower tiers begin to turn yellow and fall, and the barrel is gradually treated. But, if the foliage began to disperse massively, and affects not only the lower, but also the upper part, it makes sense to pay more attention to culture. You may have incorrectly care for the flower, or it has become a victim of diseases and pests.
Yellow leaves in ficus - reasons
If your ficus is still sufficiently young, or the foliage began to be discharged not only from the lower branches, but also from the top, perhaps this process is pathological and is associated with certain environmental factors.
Immediately accurately establish the cause of yellowing difficult, so you have to gradually exclude each option. This will help you with our prompts below.
Ficuses are very sensitive to changing the place of growth. Therefore, moving to another place, and the transplant can cause stress from the plant and it will begin to shine.
In order for the culture faster to get used to a new place after a transplant, you need to carefully approach this process. First, it is necessary to use only high-quality soil saturated with sufficient nutrients. Secondly, it is not recommended to water the flower immediately after transplanting or process it with chemicals (even for prevention). It is better to wait until the culture is acclimatized in a new place.
Note: If you just rearranged the flower, and in response to this stress began to turn yellow, it is impossible to transfer it to the previous place. So that the plant has not experienced even greater stress, leave it in a new place for 10-15 days, and then transfer back.
In addition, the yellowing can cause the incorrectly sized pot. It is not recommended to disembark cultures not only in too small, but also in too large pots, since an excess of free space can also cause stress.
In nature, ficuses are found in the tropics, therefore, at home, they need to provide a warm habitat. Dresses are destructive for these crops. It is also important to ensure a sufficient amount of light, but also the impact of direct sunlight cannot be allowed. This can provoke a sunburn and a change in the color sheet plate.
To protect your pet from these negative factors, try not to put it on draft. Choose a warm room with a sufficient scattered sunlight.
Lack of trace elements
The lack of beneficial substances is a common cause of yellowing. The fact is that in the conditions of a closed pot, the soil is quickly deprived of nutrients, and if the plant will not receive them from the outside, it will quickly weaken. As a rule, this process is accompanied by yellowing.
It is advisable not to combine feeding with a transplant. If your favorite is enough space in a pot, it is enough to make a special feeding into the soil. If you plan to transplant flower, fertilizer can be carried out no earlier than a month after moving the culture into a new pot.
Another common reason for changing the color of the leaves is the wrong irrigation (Figure 2). Despite the fact that this plant loves abundant and frequent watering, it is impossible to pour it with water.
In order for the ficus to receive a sufficient amount of moisture, you need to wait until the top layer of the soil is completely dry. Check the degree of moisture of the substrate, immerse a thin wooden wand into the ground.
If you have already made a mistake, and the flower poured too much, stop watering for the next two weeks. As a rule, this time is enough so that the plant is restored, but if the leaves continue to turn yellow, the transplant will be the only way out of the situation. Only so it will be possible to save the flower from full withering. Before moving to a new pot, be sure to inspect the root system: it is possible that some parts of the roots due to excess moisture began to rot and they will have to trim.
Frequent cause of loss of decorativeness are insects that feed on the juice of culture. This includes a web tick, shields and a wave (Figure 3). All of them will fall on the leaves and drink juice from plants.
Determine the pests easily by external features. For example, when defeated by a spider tick, the plant is covered with a thin cobweb, and small black points are visible on its leaves and stems - traces of bites. The shields externally resemble brown growths, which can also be detected on the above-ground parts of the plant. The wave forms a colony and settles on the inside of the sheet.
Regardless of the type of pest, the leaves of the ficus need to rinse with water with soap, and in two hours - clean water. It is also necessary to carry out the processing with special chemicals.
There are certain diseases that can provoke the yellowing of the leaves. As a rule, these are fungal diseases that occur with excessive watering, improper care or use of an infected substrate during transplantation.
Having found signs of fungal lesions, you need to immediately carry out the processing of ficus fungicides for indoor plants.
How to prevent the yellowing of the leaves
To prevent the yellowing of the leaves at the ficus, you need to care for it. First, when buying a plant in advance to decide on the place of its location. In the future, rearrange the pot with a flower is not recommended. It is advisable to have a ficus at some distance from the window so that the plant gets sufficiently the amount of scattered sunlight. In addition, there should be enough heat in the room, and the pot with a plant cannot be exhibited on drafts.
It is also recommended to periodically carry out a ficus transplant, but not more often than once every 2-3 years, since this procedure causes strong stress in the plant. In addition, it is necessary to strictly observe the graph of irrigation and feeding, as well as periodically examine the plant and the soil in the pot for the presence of pests.
In the video, it is described in detail how to properly care for the ficus so that its leaves are not a cheerful.
Diseases of ficus. Why yellow leaves and fall? Ficus Care: Basic Rules
In this article you will learn about a rather non-additive plant called Ficus. Why does the ficus yellow leaves and fall? The leaves are often concerned about people who have this representative of the flora at home. From this article we will find out why ficuses are sick, what diseases they are threatened, they will also share the secrets of the right care at home. Ficus, like any plant, needs a certain care, and lack of attention often leads to the appearance of diseases.
Ficuses can live both in shaded (but not dark) and in bright rooms. But the straight sun rays should not fall on the plant, it is fraught with not only burns, but also diseases. Put the plant to the place where the dissipated light falls.
In the summer, the plant needs abundant irrigation, otherwise it will suffer from lack of moisture. Why does a ficus yellow leaves and fall leaves? The most common cause is the wrong watering. It is necessary to pour water abundantly until it starts to peel into the pallet, from where it is necessarily merged. The land should not dispel, watering is produced at the time when the top layer will dry up.
In addition to irrigation, the plant loves spraying from the sprayer, and just wiping with a damp cloth. How to wipe the leaves of the ficus so that they glisten and become more beautiful? It is recommended to add a spoonful of conventional cow milk into a glass of water temperature. That's the whole secret.
By the fall of watering becomes not so abundant, it is reduced by winter, but it is impossible to dry up. In winter, it is necessary to wipe and spray the plant, as the air in the heating season in the residential room is too dry.
Why does a ficus yellow leaves and fall leaves? Perhaps it is simply forgotten to feed it, the plant suffers from hunger, therefore gets rid of all extra. In summer, you need to feed the flower often, every 7 days. It is necessary to use the organic and mineral fertilizers (in turn). In the fall, the interval between bait is 15-18 days, in winter and there is enough time in the month.
Ficus dropped leaves after a while after the transplantation? Perhaps you prepared for him the wrong soil, and the plant began to suffer. What should be the composition for growing fakes? The first is thrown. The soil should be either neutral or slightly acidified, normal pH - within 6.5-7. Composition (all in equal parts): Cherry lightweight land, severe heavy earth, leafy land, river sand and humus. Add some manure or bone flour.
Ficus fall leaves? Causes can be held in the presence or absence of transplantation. Like this?
Only young ficuses need to transplant, and it is done every year. The fact is that over time the soil is very tight, starts to scream. The old plants are poorly transferred to the transplant, and it should only happen once every five years. But every year it is necessary to remove the top layer of the soil, and put fresh land in its place. In both cases, the emphasis is used, the composition of which is registered above.
Care at home for ficus is extremely simple. But even when complying with all recommendations, the plant may get sick. We now turn to the review of diseases of the leaf of ficus, we learn the causes of their occurrence and methods of treatment.
Major reasons: Too dry air, high air temperature in the room, the ficus is located on the windowsill on the south side of the house, it burns the sun's rays. Perhaps you made spraying at a time when the plant stood outdoor. Move the flower into a more privided place, away from the battery and heater, do not forget to spray. If the spraying does not help, then moisturize the air, regularly placing the wet towel on the battery.
Foliage becomes small, falls
There are a lot of reasons:
- no cleaner;
- Extra feeding;
- disadvantage or oversupply of moisture;
- Too high temperature indoor.
Correct all flaws, and the plant will soon begin to recover.
Botritis or Gray Rot
This disease appears on those plants that are in hot, non-reflected rooms with high levels of humidity. The lack of drainage in the soil is another reason for this disease.
The disease is manifested in this way: a gray shade is placed on the stem and leaves, if the plant is shaking, then dust will fly from it. Then the leaves begin to curl, darken, dry and fall. If you do not accept measures, the ficus will die quickly. What to do?
- Remove all damaged areas of the plant, the others wipe with a solution: on a glass of wood and chalk ash, a teaspoon of copper mood on a bucket of water. This is a non-destruction. With a strong requires a fungicide, such as "phytoosporin-M".
- Rooms steadily ventilate, do not allow wet air stagnation.
- Stabilize watering.
Does the ficus be twisted with leaves? Most likely, he was struck by a sage mushroom. The disease is also manifested by the presence of black plants on the foliage of the plant. The culprit of infection is insects (more precisely their allocation). How to treat ficus leaves?
- Highly affected folias need to be removed and destroyed. All other areas (not affected or few injured) treat with a strong soap solution (it is desirable to use the present economic soap).
- The stalk and root system of ficus necessarily need to be treated with fungicides.
Rhizocontium, Pitium, Phytooftor
If the plant stopped growing, began to gradually die, and on its stem, the traces of rotting are one of the fungal diseases. The fungus is most often caused by the lack of drainage in the soil and excessive irrigation. Gîte the plant starts from the root, so you will not save it, but be sure to destroy, so that other indoor flowers will be infected.
To avoid such fungal diseases, it is necessary that the pot must have been attended by drainage, mild a plant moderately, and once a month the soil water the weak warranny solution.
If you have noticed white spots on the leaves of your plant, it is a malicious dew, dangerous for the plant's plant. The reason for the lesion: too hot and wet indoors.
Is it possible to cure a fiber from a torment dew? The method of struggle is as follows:
- In the liter of water, we will distribute 2 grams of soap of economic and 10 grams of soda.
- Add 2 grams of copper vapor.
- Bring the amount of money up to two liters.
- Spray ficus.
Antracts - a disease in which plant foliage is covered with a raid, like rust. Many believe that foliage just turns yellow, and unfortunately, they do not take any action. It is possible to cure a rust plant in a simple way: clean the affected areas (strongly affected foliage, remove and destroy), then perform the processing of fungicides.
In the ficus point on the leaves? If these are convex small points on the back of the sheet, which appeared on some sections of the stem, then this parasite of the shield that feeds on the juice of the plant, and it gradually begins to die.
The shield leaves after herself, and this is the soil for the development of a sage fungus, which was already told above. What to do? How to get rid of the parasite?
- Well rinse the foliage and stem with soapy water.
- Dry, carry out the processing "AcTelle".
- The procedure is repeated three times with frequency once every seven days.
This is the enemy of most plants, and he really can destroy your green friend if it does not take action on time. Brown and gray spots appear on the sheet, a thin cobweb is stretched between the leaves. If you look closely, the bustle of small insects is noticeable - paustic ticks. The reason for the appearance of these pests is heat and dry air. How to deal?
Treat the plant insecticide, after sure to pass. The pot must be new, soil is roasted. Put the pot to another place, as on the old (in the smallest slots) there may be eggs of a spider tick that retain life activity up to three years. Treat the surface and corners insecticide.
Prevention: Maintaining the optimal temperature in the room, air moisturizing. Any land before transplanting plants to fry or water by manganese.
If the foliage twists, it is deformed, yellowing, it appeared sticky flask - it all traces of vital vicious and malicious toll. How to deal? Watering and processing of a plant with soap solution helps against Tly. Next, plunge wood ash in the ground, treat the plant insecticides.
These are small black bugs that settled on the back of the leaves of plants. Footprints of parasitis - the appearance of white, yellow and brown spots. TRIPS drink juice from a ficus than he is very harmful. Methods of struggle: Plant treatment "Aktar" or "Aktilik".
These are white lumps, which will be treated on both the plant itself and in the soil. Cherver quickly reckoned on other plants and can infect all the domestic flowers.
- Remove visible parasites.
- Once a week wash the plant with soap or tobacco mortar.
- If it does not help, it will help the processing "confident" (twice every 10 days).
Externally, the disease is manifested only by the yellowing and falling of foliage, the reason for this lies in the roots. Nematodes are small spherical thighs on the roots of the ficus that distinguish toxins, they betray the plant, lead to slow and painful death.
Methods of struggle:
- Remove the fountain of the pot, which, together with the soil, you can immediately dispose of.
- Rinse the roots, then place them for three hours to dull in the insecticides.
- Put the ficus into a new, rooted in the oven.
How to protect the plant from diseases?
You learned why the ficus yellow leaves and fall leaves. All diseases and parasites are very unpleasant and dangerous. But all this can be prevented:
- When purchasing a plant, it needs to be well inspecting for the presence of diseases.
- Even the ideal appearance after acquisition for a week is cleaned with quarantine, not allowing contact with other plants.
- Disinfect the Earth every time you transplant the plants.
- Observe the ficus care rules.
- Do not allow an excessive increase in temperature in the house.
The rules are simple, everyone will adhere to them, especially since they really help grow a healthy ficus. Care at home behind the plant will only please their owner.
What if the ficus is yellowing the leaves?
It happens that suddenly the leaves in the ficus become yellow and begin to be proposed, in this case the novice crown does not always understand what to do. To understand the problem, it will be necessary to first determine why this happens, since the causes may be different.
The main reason
The main reason why yellow leaves appear - chlorosis. It may indicate various problems. As a result, too little chlorophyll - the pigment used by the plant to absorb the sunlight necessary for photosynthesis. It is chlorophyll that gives the leaves of their green color, the insufficient margin turns them into pale green, yellow or yellowish-white. The flower suffering from chlorosis may not survive if the deficit source is not eliminated.
Incorrect care factors
Absolutely naturally for old leaves with time to yellow and fell. But sometimes young shoots also do not develop further. Most often, the leaves begin to shut together with seasonal changes in temperature or humidity. As for the room conditions, thus the ficus demonstrates its dissatisfaction with the surrounding space, it was possible to appear with a draft or became cooler, it suffers to the flower moisture.
Negative to the development of the ficus is affected not only a draft, which person does not always have to notice, but also a change in the temperature indoors. The difference of 7 degrees is already noticeable for a flower, hence the yellowing of foliage. However, the same reaction will be, if you put the pot near the working air conditioner or heater. The ideal temperature range should be + 15- + 20ºС. It is impossible to install a plant near the ventilation holes, central heating, as this will lead to a change in the level of humidity. If it is rather low, the unwanted yellowness will appear, the stains and leaves will begin to fall off.
Although this plant loves a lot of light, it does not need direct sunlight. The crop must make sure that the selected place is filtered. The active impact of the Sun leads to the appearance of burns, but the insufficient amount is to yellowing, the lower sheets begin to crumble, the plant loses its strength.
Excessive irrigation is one of the main reasons for the yellowing of foliage. Although the soil must be wet, it should not be rejected. Problems arise when the pot has no drainage holes or they are closed. As a result, the excess fluid remains inside, which leads to the development of root rot, and it can cause a change in the color of foliage, since a sufficient amount of nutrients is no longer absorbed by the root system. Good watering involves the removal of excess water.
It is impossible to allow the plant constantly in water. Excess water is removed even with a drainage pallet. The soil must dry before watering the plant again.
Regardless of the type of ficus, this is a plant that grows rapidly, so the root system can grow the pot. Roots becomes closely in a limited space, which limits the supply of nutrients and water. It slows down the growth of the flower, lack of food can lead to yellowing of leaves or death. In this case, you should consider the possibility of a transplant to a larger container. Fertilizer after the procedure is not submitted because it increases the load. First you need to wait until the flower is acclimatized, new shoots should appear.
You need to try to keep the environment as much as possible, keep the bush away from the double-glazed windows, doors, air conditioners and heaters, use the humidifier in winter when the air becomes too dry, and also do not move the tree too often.
One of the common causes of chlorosis is poor nutrition. In addition to hydrogen, carbon and oxygen, plants need more than a dozen mineral substances to survive, they all should pass through their roots. If the plant ends with iron, the new leaves will become yellow, while the old remains greens. With a lack of nitrogen, everything happens on the contrary. The iron is connected to calcium, gray, boron, copper, manganese and zinc.
When a nitrogen lack appears in the old leaves, chlorosis is relatively homogeneously throughout the leaf and its veins. The lack of potassium, as a rule, begins with the edges of the leaves and gaps between the veins.
The yellowing of the leaves may indicate the need to enter iron in the ground, in this case evenly yellowing appears with small green curves.
Diseases and insects
Ficus is sadly known for the fall of the leaves every time the environment is changing, but sometimes the problem is not connected at all with the wrong leaving. While the insufficient and excessive amount of water are the two most common causes of the yellowing of the leaves. If we exclude them as potential reasons, in which pests can be guilty. Although it is difficult to see insects with a naked eye, milded or web ticks are frequent unwanted guests. Tiny openings on the leaves, fluffy white wax on the plant, the wines of the whole tick. To suppress infection, you can try to wash the plant under the shower, trimmed, fading leaves or processed using an insecticidal spray.
It is known that milded ticks negatively affect the healthy growth of the ficus. Plantievods are advised to use natural pesticides if there are signs of infection. If a person is able to determine the perfect place for the plant and ensure the necessary conditions for cultivation, its foliage will remain a glossy green. The anthracnose makes the tips of the leaves yellow, then dark brown. In infected tissues, pale pink pustulas develop. Such infection enhances the penetration of diseases. The best treatment is to clean and destroy the contaminated leaves. Fungal diseases are treated with fungicides, it is possible to use Nima oil that is no less efficient and in the fight against insects.
Tips of professionals
It is worth take into account several tips from professionals.
- The most frequent problem is too large or small amounts of water. To check how much moisture your plant gets daily, you need to use a moisture meter or simply immerse your finger on a 3 centimeter into the ground. If the soil is dry, most likely, the plant wants to drink. In this case, irrigation is not enough, therefore it is worth it more often. But the overvailing can be recognized by the smell of mold, not only when points appeared.
- If the plant is in the shaded corner, it may be necessary to consider the permutation of it on a sunny window sill for several hours. When the indoor plant is located next to the window with dense curtains, they are just enough to swallow on the day, and then close again in the evening.
- Many varieties of houseplants are tropical, and, as expected, are not large fans of drafts. If you keep the ficus in the winter next to the window, you should not be surprised if the leaves are yellow. The colder the environment, the less the plant needs watering, since moisture in the soil will not evaporate as quickly as it would be necessary.
- Some cropers think that their flower gets all the necessary nutrients from the soil, but if the leaves are yellowing, it may indicate a deficit that prevents photosynthesis. It should always be remembered that from the soil in pots with drainage minerals are washed out faster. If the old leaves on the plant are yellow and new light green, it can be a sign of nitrogen deficiency. You can feed the infantry of wood ash.
If you provide high-quality care ficus, it will be possible to avoid most problems, however, and insect prevention will only benefit.
Family of the mulberry is widely represented by various types and varieties of ficus. In general, to care for each ficus is simple enough. To do this, it is necessary to comply with the conditions of cultivation at home.
Violation of cultivation conditions.
When growing ficuses, it is necessary to take into account and Lighting indoors If there is a lot of it and there is a direct sunlight, the ficuses should be dialed or rearrange them into another place. Be sure to take into account Temperature mode For growing a ficus. Many species prefer warmer conditions of cultivation, some can carry it down. It is necessary to pay attention to landing the ficus and its transplant, with such events, the plant is under stress. Since its cultivation conditions and the ficus have to be accustomed to new conditions after landing / transplant .
Watering Fikus and It Podkord - Perhaps the main point in the cultivation of the ficus. Some species are not allowed to overwhelm the earth and almost all ficuses, painfully react to excess moisture. In violation of the norms and features of watering - problems may arise with the appearance Diseases. Also harm can apply and Pest .
Not depending on the reasons for the growing ficus, any change or disturbance of the conditions, the ficuses accompany the changes in the leaves. The leaves can ship, be covered with stains, just begin to crumble, can be amazed by pests and diseases. A decorative component of the ficuses can still be lost, if it becomes closely in his pot and the ficus grew out too much from it.
Fitting leaves at the ficus - does not mean that it dies or fell ill. It is necessary to take into account - the natural die away of the leaves, with the development and growth of the ficus.
Lighting and sun
Light plays an important role in the cultivation of a ficus. Especially this moment is important for ficuses with motley and colorful foliage. With insufficient lighting - the volatile ficuses become more dull. With bright and strong lighting - especially if we are talking about the sunny side of your home. Straight sun rays - can apply solar burns on ficus leaves. At the same time, brown stains appear on the leaves, which can destroy the main structure of the sheet and cause it to withering and further extinguishes. With insufficient lighting - shoots are pulled out, curved and due to the fact that they are thin, the leaves may fall and run to be abandoned.
Solution to the problem: With insufficient lighting, you can use additional lamps or apply phytolamba. But with the bright sunlight - the ficus is shaded, we rearrange in place where there is no direct sunlight. For example, the ficus can be for the time of solar activity - to rearrange in a darker place.
The temperature is very important, especially considering the features of the tropical origin of all fakes. Maintaining a steady and constant temperature is the key to a good development of the ficus. With dry air - can dry the tips of the leaves. With sudden drops of temperatures that can be caused by drafts or differences between heating and the window frame. All ficuses react to the temperature difference, equally. Protective reaction is always one - the leaves begin to shut up, dry out and crumble.
Solution to the problem: Do not allow sharp fluctuations in temperatures. Avoid drafts (especially when carrying out the room). Try to choose the very place in which your ficus will feel perfect. With dry air - we use air humidifiers or conduct a wet spraying, you can also wipe the leaves with a wet cloth (for ficuses with leathery and large leaves). Fikus with small or more gentle leaves - carry out spraying.
Landing and transplanting
When buying a ficus - it is necessary to transplant to a permanent place. If your ficus is quite adult and no longer fit the roots in his pot, it should be replant. Young feedback fakes is required every year, but more adults are less likely. Any landing and transplant is a stressful state for ficus. To begin with, we get it out of the pot, and then planted in a new one. Any concern of the root system of the ficus - always reflects on its leaves - they begin to either dry and fall, or twist, to filure and fall.
Solution to the problem: When landing or transplant - we try to minimize the concerns of the roots. If you have acquired a plant - carefully get the ficus from the pot and not breaking the earthen com - in the same state it is put in a new pot. Try not to disturb the integrity of the root system, which has already been formed and wondered with the soil. Crude soil - more fastens the roots than dry. When landing or transplanting the roots can be treated with a stimulant of root formation (corneser). When watering, you can use the means like epin, zircon.
Watering and feeding
To this issue - should be approached very carefully. All ficuses do not tolerate excess moisture and the drying of the earth coma. Stagnation and too wet soil - leads to the roting of the root system and is very affected on the leaves. They begin to black and gradually dry out, and crumble. The same story and with the drying of the earth coma. The leaves begin to fade and gradually fade. The oversupply of moisture or its disadvantage, affects the roots of the ficus, from here and problems with the leaves. Since irrigation conditions are disturbed. As for feeding - its drawback can affect the development of shoots and leaves. They can be fine and develop badly. Also, the lack of certain nutrients can reflect on the sheet itself. Outburser fertilizer - may also harm. Peppercut forms - more often acquire green leaves.
Solution to the problem: Control watering and feeding. When landing - a good drainage must be in a pot. If in a pot not enough drainage holes - do additionally. If your kashpo or pot has a fleet function or combines at the same time and casspo, and the planting container. Watering is controlled. The soil should have time to dry by a couple of centimeters, before every next irrigation. Determine the need for watering - can be special devices to determine humidity. There are devices that will indicate you on the need for watering and soil fertility. Either the moisture content of the soil can be checked with a match - it should be plugged into the soil and, if the soil remained on the match - with watering it is possible to postpone.
But the feeders advise to conduct within the specified period (active growth and vegetation of the ficus). Always study the instructions and norms of fertilizer. It is better to reduce a little dose than to give more. Excess fertilizer or severe solution - can burn the root system and harm. Use liquid mineral and organic fertilizers for ficuses that can be brewed in water for watering.
Pests and diseases
Both are the cause of breach conditions. Diseases, and in particular fungal, can manifest itself in a pot, with irrigation of irrigation. Pests may appear when weakening the plant, when they are recorded with soil or from another plant. Sometimes pests or diseases can already be present on the plant during the sale.
Solution to the problem: Mostly illness is associated with the root system. Root rotes can form with a wet of moisture, then it applies to shoots and trunk. If you do not notice the problem in time - you can lose the plant. As prevention, at an early stage of the problem - let me dry well to the earth. Next, we use the appropriate drugs. Also also with pests - when they are found, we carry out all the necessary events for struggle and prevention. With partial infection, we use the appropriate preparations, with a strong infection - we carry the ficus in a separate place and put it on quarantine. Using the desired drug to combat pests.
Ficus yellow leaves - Start from inspection of plants for disease and pests.
Types of diseases and pests of ficuses
Aphid - The foliage begins to turn yellow and roll. With the defeat of the tool - the yellow leaves can also. The main feature of this pest is the ability to flew from plants on plants. The failure is especially active in the arid period. In room conditions, it can hardly appear, but when carrying out the room, it can penetrate the house from the street. We carry out a regular spraying of the ficus, you can use a soap solution (with weak lesion) or special preparations.
Nematodes - Basically live in the roots of the plant. They feed on the juice of the ficus and with sufficient defeat, the leaves at the ficuses begin to fade, and then crumble. It is quite difficult to identify such pests, you need to inspect the top layer of the soil. If the ficus appears new shoots from the roots, they may look not entirely healthy (weakened or twisted, the leaves on such shoots are poorly formed and not disclosed completely). For the prevention and control of this pest - we use insecticide. If necessary, the ficus can be transplanted into a new land, and the roots and the soil corresponding to the preparations.
Shield - Present small insects, cinnamon. They received their name, thanks to the form - they are like in the shell. Also, as well as other pests that use plant juice for nutrition, we use appropriate drugs.
Mealybug - It is very difficult to remove, therefore we constantly carry out the inspection of the plant. This pest can be found according to noticeable disclosures on plants, they are very reminded by wool. For a start we collect them with a cotton wand. And process the plant with soap solution and appropriate drugs. We carry out the processing constantly, since these insects are hiding in the sinuses of the leaves, it is very difficult to get them.
Cobed tick - Very often amazes ficuses. This is facilitated by dry air and warm temperature. The pest is determined by the presence of spots on the foliage. They are white or yellowish. The danger of such a pest is that it is difficult to detect and, if you lose this moment, the harm to the fibus will be done very strong. We use various insecticides, it is desirable to alternate processing, as any drug is addictive. It is possible to solve the problem with dry air - it is possible by constant spraying of the plant or use the air humidifier.
Tripses - With the defeat of these pests, the leaves are trembling. Favorable conditions for development - warm temperature and dry air. Very smart pest, if you do not notice and miss it on time, can affect the standing plants. You can only overcome this pest only with special preparations (insecticides).
Root rot - It is formed due to the formation of fungus in the soil. Fungi can already be in the soil, which is used when landing. And since fungal diseases begin to develop well with high humidity, crude soil, warm temperatures, the development of this disease begins in roots. The reaction of the plant will be reflected on the leaves that begin to shut up and then fall. The result is one - to monitor the watering mode. If you poured your ficus too much, try to dry by earthen to whom, with a strong infection - the ficus save fails. Drop and ficus, and a pot.
Spotted leaves - It can be expressed as dots and stains. Infected leaves are removed, and the entire plant is carried out prophylactic spraying with special preparations or soapy.
Summing up, I would like to say that any disease can be prevented, to prevent any diseases and pest appearance. Often examine your plant for diseases and pest appearance. When they are detected, we immediately begin treatment and preventive methods of struggle. Use various preparations to fight. After all, any change in the conditions of the content - the result is such - the ficus is yellow and fall leaves. Good luck to you.
Indoor plants, as well as ground slopes to various diseases. The home flower is modified, foliage and stems are covered with stains, yellow, dry and fall. Why yellow casting in a ficus, there can be a lot of reasons. Before proceeding to eliminate the disease, it is worth considering every one of them.
Natural causes of yellowing
The room ficus is yellow and falling out the leaves for natural reasons. Every three years, the plant changes its foliage. First yellow the lower leaves, the top of the plant trees. If such a sequence of color change is observed, do not worry. But in the case of the observation of a mass leaffall, then natural reasons should be excluded. Typically, the reset of the lower leaves occurs in the fall or in winter. If the leaves at the Benjamin ficus leaves more than usual during this period, the cause is possible in the improper watering of the flower.
The flower does not like the frequent change of place, the transplantation into a new pot in the rubbing ficus can lead to the fact that the leaves will begin to yellow and fall. This can occur due to incorrectly selected soil, or too large vase. When there was no two weeks from moving color, you can return it back.
Important! After the transplant is not recommended to immediately water the plant.
Change of temperature, room lighting, also affects the appearance of yellowness on the leaves. It is recommended immediately after bringing a ficus to the house to choose a permanent place for it and not disturb it. After moving a vase with a flower with a warm room in a cold provoking feeding of foliage.
Sharp temperature change and cold affect plant badly. The transfer of the plant on the cool windowsill can lead to frostbite and enhancement of the plant. The root flower system is the weakest place. You should not put a fiber on the marble or tiled window sill, especially in winter. Contact flower to cold glass leads to the appearance of yellow leaves. Optimal temperature for ficus 19-25 degrees. Ficus the thermo-loving plant, but the strong heat leads to the fact that the foliage begins to fade.
Important! Too close placement to the heat source, leads to the appearance of yellow spots on the leaves.
The oversight of lighting, as well as dry air, leads to the fact that the leaves are wrinkled, dry and fall. Straight sunlight provoke burns. The ideal place is considered a windowsill with scattered lighting.
The consequences of improper care
With improper care, not only yellow spots appear, but also completely suffering from all the plant. Wrong watering is one of the main reasons for the appearance of yellowness. Ficuses do not like strong irrigation. Moisturize the soil costs as soon as it is completely dry.
Tip! To determine the dryness of the soil, stuck in the ground wand. If you take out, it will be dry, meaning time for watering.
If yellow spots appeared on the ficus, it is worth limiting by watering for two weeks. In the case when the flower dries and swept, you must transplant to a new place. Before landing, remove those roots that began to rot.
Important! When watering soft water, on the surface of the soil and from the bottom side of the vase, a white crust appears.
The lack of trace elements affects the flower, it begins to dry and can die. In order for the plant correctly developed, a sufficient amount of nutrients in the soil. The deficiency leads to a violation of metabolism, the plant is poorly developing, the flower shape, the color sheet changes.
Microelements deficiency symptoms:
- The plant prematurely discards the foliage, especially the lower tier;
- too fragile stems;
- poorly developed root system;
- The appearance of pale and yellow spots on a piece of paper.
The overabundance of mineral substances entails various problems:
- Flower's bad development, especially in summer;
- Hard plate dries around the edges, cinnamon spots appear;
- Stems fragile and brittle;
- Leaves begin to fade.
Diseases and pests
Ficus during improper care can attack pests and entail various diseases.
Puffy dew. With a strong soil moisture, the plant can become infected with a fungal disease. The plant is covered with a white, fluffy bloom, over time brown disputes appear on it. After ripening, a liquid resembling drops of dew is distinguished from them, so such a name. With a strong infection, the leaves dry out and fall, if the plant does not treat it will die. Ficus is sprayed with an accommodation.
Important! It is necessary to process the plant "Axist", it is necessary to strictly follow the description of the drug, it is highly toxic, spraying the tool needed away from animals and children.
- Gray rot. The disease is manifested as a result of a very moistened soil. On the stems and foliage, gray and brown spots appear. The plant dries and dies. Processing the flower of fungicides.
- Shield. The pest drinks fluid from the plant. Yellow and brown spots appear on the flower. After himself, the shield leaves a sticky mark, because of which the leaves begin to dry and fall. Proceed with ficus with special preparations.
- Cobbled tick. The first signs of the appearance of yellow leaves, the plant is covered with a thin cobweb. The tick, like the shield sucks juice from the plant. Because of what the leaves dry out and fall. You can get rid of pests by the folk agent, sprinkle with a flower with garlic solution.
- Aphid. The leaves begin to shut up yellow, curl and fall. You can detect the insect on the back of the deciduous plate. The main methods of getting rid of the Tly are chemicals.
What to do to not cheers
Experienced and beginner flowers are interested in what to do when, ficus yellow. Ficus do not tolerate the change of temperature, direct sunlight, strong moisture, a sharp change of place and a change in a new pot, as strong drafts. If all these rules are broken, the leaves begin to change the color. At noon, the flower must be sharpened. In order for no water stagnation, the drain layer should be placed on the bottom of the vase. This is suitable pebbles or clay.
Peresaving an adult ficus to a new pot is carried out every two years. The soil uses a finished substrate that can be purchased at any flower shop or prepare yourself. To prepare fertile soil for a ficus, you need two parts of the deciduous earth to mix with one part of the sand, add the same amount of turf soil. Transplanted flower often in spring or summer. Vase for two centimeters more than the previous one.
When all these measures did not help, the reason may be in the insufficient amount of nutrients in the soil. For education and growth of foliage, nitrogen is needed, as well as iron. Before making bait, Ficus is watered per day. Feature flower you need at 14 or 21 days. When the ficus is strongly relaxed, it is recommended to transplant it to a new soil. Before boarding, it is worth placing the root system into a solution of manganese. Remove damaged roots, cuts to handle cinnamon. After completing the reset procedure, the leaves must be wiped with a dry cloth or a paper napkin.
Observing all of the above recommendations, the ficus will be healthy and strong.
The reasons for the yellowing of the leaves at the ficus.
There is a mass around the ficus and the belief related to family life, and the birth of children. That is why unmarried women often acquire a ficus, in order to have a child. In this article we will tell why the ficus is yellow and fall leaves.
Fikus yellow leaves: Causes
The diseases of indoor plants can be perceived by flowers very acute, and cause a lot of questions. But not always the yellowing of the ficus indicates a problem, insufficient care or diseases. This usually turns two, three sheets that fall out, but in their place we grow, fresh, young, green leaves. But if you notice that the ficus is sharply yellowed, the problem concerns all the leaves, it is necessary to blame only in the disease of the room plant.
The ficus yellow leaves, reasons:
- Wrong transplantation. Perhaps a pot of large volume, so the root system does not have time to fill the whole soil.
- Reduced temperature. Ficus is a thermo-loving plant, so in no case is not recommended a decrease in temperature below 18 degrees. If the winter room is cold enough, be sure to use heaters. But in no case do not put the plant near the heating radiator.
- Lack of minerals and nutrients. Ficks, like any other plants, need fertilizers, especially if their transplant is made to a new place. Observe watering mode, because in conditions of lack of water, the plant can quickly plant . But not only the shortage of water, as well as its excessive amount causes the yellowing of foliage. Even if you poured the plant with plenty of water once, there is a risk of his death.
- Diseases. During the transplant, pay attention to the roots and stems, whether there are suspicious raids on them, insects. Often the reasons for the darkening of the leaves are pests, bacteria and viruses.
Why yellow leaves at the ficus in the summer?
It is recommended to remove the plant from the pot, cut all damaged roots, transplant to the new soil. Old soil do not use other plants to transplant. It must be thrown away, because it can multiply spores of mold, or some other pathogenic microorganisms. Other plants can grow in this soil, but also get sick.
Why yellow leaves at the ficus in the summer:
- Remove the plants from the sunny side, as under the right sunny rays, the ficus can also darken, dry.
- It is sometimes very difficult to determine when the ficus is needed by watering. The plant needs a large amount of moisture, but if at least pour water culture once, they can start rotting roots, multiply mold and pathogenic microorganisms leading to the death of the plant. That is why it is necessary to observe watering regime.
- Check the lack of moisture in the following way. For this, a dry wand is taken, a match is suitable, or a skewer of wood, and is found in the soil. It is necessary to leave it for several minutes in the ground, and then pull out. If the wand turns out to be completely dry, it is necessary to pour plants.
- If you sin on an excessive amount of moisture, it is better to restrict watering for two weeks, minimizing it. Accordingly, at this time it is necessary to water the plant in small quantities.
Why is the ficus yellow and fall leaves after fertilizer?
Why is the ficus yellow and fall leaves after fertilizer? With a deficiency and excessive amount of mineral additives, it changes not only in the color, but also the form of foliage. They can dry around the edges, and in the center be green.
Microelements deficit symptoms:
- The plant is falling, drops foliage mainly at the bottom. When you try to bend the stem, it is easily laid out. Excessive fragility speaks of a deficiency of certain trace elements.
- Insufficient development of the root system. If during the crop transplantation you drew attention to thin and small roots, then the plant is not powered enough. It needs feeding.
- If pale, yellow spots appeared on the sheets. Not only the disadvantage, but also the overabundance of fertilizers affects the state of the plant. Yellow foliage may also testify to excessive crop. However, in this case, not only yellow, but also brown spots appear. Leaves ne. yellow And immediately fade.
What is the disease, if yellow and showered the leaves from the ficus?
Ficus is a plant that does not often get sick, but with improper care possible diseases. Among the most common can be allocated as follows.
What is the disease, if yellow and showered the leaves at the ficus:
- Gray rot. On the leaves, brownish yellow and gray spots appear. At the same time, the leaves are yellow not from the tips. The first manifestations of the ailment arise in the center. Over time, the leaves dry out and fall.
- Shield . This is the pest, which sucks useful juices from culture. On the leaves appear yellowish, brown spots. Please note that on the back of the leaflets can be observed sticky stains, which is why culture drying occurs.
- Cobed tick . In this case, the plant can turn yellow, but at the same time the stems are observed a thin layer of cage or film. The plant fades, twisted. This happens on the back of the leaflet.
Fikus yellow leaves - what to do?
It is necessary to use prophylaxis, as well as carefully care for the plant. Be sure to follow the temperature regime and do not allow its oscillations. Both the decline and temperature rise, can affect the state of culture.
Fikus yellow leaves what to do:
- If the plants have lost a large number of leaves, an urgent transplant is required to a new soil. Pruning, watering or additional feeding do not decide anything. In the soil in which the plant is located, the disputes of mold, or pests. It is recommended to completely dig a plant from a vase and transplant to a new soil.
- Before placing a culture into a new soil, it is best to rinse the roots with a weak solution of manganese. This will allow mold disputes, as well as bacteria and viruses that are on the roots.
- If you see that there are slippery spots, have an unpleasant smell, be sure to cut them with scissors. Treat the tips with a special tool that improves rooting, and promotes the survival of the culture in a new place.
Why is the ficus yellow and fall in winter?
Winter time is a period when a large number of plants fall into the hibernation. This does not mean that they fade, dry out. But cultures are at rest, and the flow of juice inside the stems, the leaves slow down. This often happens with Ficus in winter.
Why the ficus is yellow and fall leaves in winter:
- It is not worth worrying, especially if the temperature fell on the street. Be sure to follow the temperature regime and increase it if necessary. Ficus - a plant that cannot be placed on the veranda, or a balcony. The culture is not intended for the winter garden, since it does not tolerate cold air, a decrease in temperature below 18 degrees.
- In winter, the plant may be located near the heating radiators, which cuts the soil and can cause a lack of liquid and moisturizing. Therefore, twice a week water the ficus, but not very plentiful. Replace an additional watering by spraying foliage and stems from the spray gun. Once every 3 weeks, enter into the soil in which the ficus, mineral additives and fertilizers grow.
- The yellowing in the lower part speaks of the seasonal change of leaves, and the rapid growth of new elements on the stem. Most likely, new leaves will appear through time. However, if yellow leaves below are more, it makes sense to think about the pests and rot. First of all, when the roots are damaged by the roots, the bottom leaves begin to change, with time the disease passes to the top of the culture.
Why does Benjamin ficus yellow and fall leaves?
Ficus Benjamin is an unpretentious plant, this does not mean that it does not need to care. There happens the shift of the color occurs immediately after the acquisition of culture. The fact is that in the store, or in warehouses, constant temperature and moisturizing are maintained.
Why the ficus of Benjamin is yellow and fall leaves:
- Features of care at home may differ, and the plant is sharply reacting to shift.
- It is best to purchase a new ficus of Benjamin in summer, since at this time it is better adapting to the environmental conditions.
- In no case immediately after the acquisition of the plant can not be engaged in its transplantation.
In the spring, the ficus is yellowing the lower leaves: reasons
You should not be surprised if in the spring you will see falling, yellowing ficus leaves from below.
In the spring, the ficus is yellowing lower leaves, reasons:
- This is normal, since the change of leaves begins at the bottom of the plant. Stage of shift lasts a few weeks.
- At the initial stage, the color of the lower leaves is changed, then fall, the stem becomes rude, hard, hard, the plant is drawn up. A large number of new young and bright green leaves appear on the top of the tip.
- This is due to the fact that in the spring time the amount of juice increases, and its circulation inside the stems is enhanced. This provokes a change of leaves, their new growth.
Why yellow and fall leaves from a dishellion of rubber?
In winter, the rubbing ficus needs an additional moisturizing of leaves and stems with a sprayer. The plant suffers greatly from excessive convergence.
Why yellow and fall leaves in a scattering ficus:
- This is often observed in winter, under conditions of low temperature and large amounts of moisture. Rubbone ficus is one of the heavily-loving species of plants, so the optimal temperature of the content in the room is from 20-23 degrees.
- It is allowed to maximize up to 28 degrees. If one or two sheet opal is left, you should not worry and worry. But if you notice that the leaves change the color and fall constantly, their number increases, and the stem is gradually bald, it is necessary to immediately beat the alarm.
- It is necessary to transplant the plant into a new soil, and prevent excessive convergence of the substrate.
The ficus began to turn yellow and fall off the leaves after the transplantation - is it normal?
Indoor plants are stressed during the move. Therefore, ask in detail in the store, in what conditions it is necessary to contain a plant.
Why the ficus began to turn yellow and fee leaves after a transplant:
- Many believe that if you change the conditions of the ficus environment, it will immediately begin to grow better.
- This is the main mistake, since immediately after transplantation, the plant quickly fades, dries out, its leaves are yellow, falls out and the plant dies. It is better to wait about six months.
- Often, the death of the leaves is a physiological process, because once every 2-3 years the leaves change, but this does not happen with the whole plant, but just with several elements.
Many interesting information about plants can be found in the articles on our website:
Video: yellow and fall leaves at ficus
Ficuses have long been distributed among lovers of home plants. They are well sued, form. These plants highlight a large amount of oxygen. But sometimes the ficus is yellow and fall leaves. The reasons may be much - from the usual change of green mass to serious diseases. We offer to figure it out in more detail in this matter.
When the ficus fall in the ficus is the norm
The change of leaves in many plants is laid out by nature. Ficks did not exception. The norm for some species is considered an indicator of 30-50% of dropped yellowed foliage. With drafts, this figure may be higher. But this does not mean that the plant died. Usually such phenomena are observed with the onset of autumn. New leaflets begin to grow in about 3-4 months. Most often, the leaf fall is observed in a reprehensive ficus.
In some types of ficus, for example, in dyeing, the dejunation can occur both in the fall and in the spring. Young leaves appear at the ends of the shoots, at the same time most of the olds can still remain on the trunk. This fact suggests that the plant is alive and will soon redone.
The most common ficus of Benjamin (or, as they are called in common, birch). It includes over 20 varieties. This plant loves heat, therefore, as soon as the air temperature drops below +20 ° C, the foliage begins to be down. Such a phenomenon is difficult to call the norm, because this ficus refers to evergreen plants. From transferred stress, he can get sick. Therefore, it is important to monitor the conditions for its cultivation, watering in winter once every 10 days and periodically spraying.
Many evergreen ficuses are characterized by a high stem and a large area of a fancy-shaped sheet plate. For example, Ficus Lire-like externally resembles LIRA due to the characteristic structure of the leaves and their atypical size to half the meter. Rubber (elastic) has thick oily leaves, it is also called Robust.
- Lirectoid Ficus
- Rubbone Ficus
Normal is the seasonal focus of foliage in the amount of 10-15 pieces. This happens on the eve of winter and should not cause anxiety. With the onset of spring heat and increasing the duration of the daylight on the spot of fallen, new leaves will grow.
If the plant looks healthy, there are no signs of diseases, then you need to leave it alone. You should not rearrange it to another place or artificially illuminate.
But it happens that the leaves begin to fall out for the season, the number of them also causes concern. In this case, it is necessary to look for another reason for this process.
Read how to grow ficus Bengali for bonsai.
Fitting leaves at the ficus because of stress
Plants, like all living on Earth, may experience stress. It is he who often becomes the cause of falling leaves in indoor ficuses.
Any, even minor changes can be the cause of stress: a change of place, transplant, rearrangement and even turn a pot. When the ficus grows well and his condition does not cause anxiety, it is better not to touch it. If the leaves are falling due to the fact that you rearranged the plant to another room, then return it to the former "place of residence". By the way, it concerns any other plants. You do not need to move them around the apartment if they grow beautifully in their place.
Errors in care as a reason for ficing leaves at the ficus
Often the reason for the appeal of leaves at the ficus is a violation of the rules of care. Despite the fact that the plant is quite non-additive, it needs the right watering, a competent transplant and a certain microclimate.
Wrong conditions of detention: lighting, temperature, air humidity
Ficuses are sharply reacting to temperature differences. As soon as the air temperature drops below +16 ° C, the leaves, especially the lower, immediately begin to shut and fall. In addition, drafts and open windows can be the cause of "baldness" of the stem.
Important! Any changes to the microclimate (lowering or increasing humidity, illumination or temperature) can provoke the fiction of the leaves. It is undesirable to make any changes to the usual existence of a ficus.
With too high temperatures, when the thermometer column rises above +30 ° C, the leaves become weak, change the color and end up falling. Therefore, it is very important to focus on the characteristics of the selected variety, their care requirements can differ slightly.
Ficks grow well if the air indoors is quite humid. When it is overlooking, the risk of foliage foliage increases at times. Especially if the pot stands on the windowsill next to heating devices, or the weather is too hot outside the window.
In order to correct the humidity indicator, it can be placed near the flower with water with water or take advantage of special devices - air humidifiers.
If your ficus leaves a homogeneous rich-green color, then it can calmly grow in conditions of half. But the varieties with the motley leaves need good lighting. What it is higher, the brighter and more fun will look like a plant.
Very often it is the lack of light becomes the reason that the plant begins to wither, lose elasticity and push. In a dark place, almost any kind of ficus will be bad even with good watering and feeding.
Errors when watering
Too abundant irrigation can also lead to the fact that the ficus will start losing its leaves. But if the water is too little and the soil will dry, then this will not serve as health. When the earth is constantly wet, the roots in it become vulnerable to various diseases. Rinel or mold may appear. It is possible to determine this by a characteristic unpleasant odor, which begins to come from the ground. The difficulty lies also in the fact that the roots are hidden soil, consider them will not work. You can determine the disease by moving juice - to do this, disconnect the part of the escape - if the juice instead of the white stands brown, it's time to start treatment. If the leaves fall only from one branch, it is better to remove it.
How to help a ficus:
- Stop watering.
- If the improvements are not observed over the next few days, it will have to get a plant from a pot and rinse the roots with warm water, having barely bludging from the ground.
- If there are affected roots with signs of the disease, they need to be cut off in advance dispenseed sharp scissors.
- Sections of sections must be powdered with extractive tablets of activated carbon.
- Ficus to transplant in fresh soil, after which 2-3 weeks to leave alone, eliminating even watering.
Sometimes the leaves begin to shrore. This may indicate insufficient moistening of the plant. Spraying will help correct the situation.
As we said above, the ficuses do not like to change the place of residence and will not tolerate any interventions in their measured existence. Even a forced transplant for the plant is stress, which he immediately issues the appropriate reaction.
If the flower rose from its pot and requires expanding the area, then it is necessary to transplant it as carefully - literally passing to a new place together with the same land. The remaining space is falling asleep by moisturized soil. After that, watering is completely excluded for 7-10 days. Immediately after the transplant, water is not necessary too.
Sometimes it happens that, being in a new pot, the flower begins to actively reset the leaves. It is important to understand what he did not like:
- A too big pot was taken, which is more than 4 cm wider than the previous one.
- The earth was plentifully polit.
In both cases, you will have to re-replant the ficus taking into account the errors made. If everything was carried out according to the rules, it is quite possible that the leaf fall is the reaction to stress. You need to wait when the plant is adapted. It can leave 1 to 4 months.
Lack of micro and macroelements
As a result of the shortage of macro and trace elements, small leaves are formed in plants. For the same reason, they can begin to be down.
If the soil is poor and exhausted, then you need to organize the right feeder or transplant the flower into a new soil.
The best room flowers respond to nitrogen fertilizers. They cause violent growth of green mass. With a lack of magnesium, the color of the leaves begins to pale and change the yellow. In this case, magnesium sulfate, calmagneosis or dolomite flour can be used as fertilizer. Some gardeners prefer to enjoy specialized drugs, for example, emerald. With a low content of iron in the soil, it is necessary to make it enormit or chewing iron into it, otherwise the leaves will fall.
Attention! All fertilizers need to be made only in well-moistened soil. On the first day, abundant irrigated and only on the third or fourth day can be started to feed. Otherwise, you risk burning the root system.
If the ficus looks too weak, then the manufacturer's concentration recommended by the manufacturer must be doubled.
It is necessary to conduct "supporting therapy" for home plants in March-September, when the development process is underway. With the onset of winter, the ficus falls into the state of rest, the intensity of absorption of beneficial substances is reduced roots and photosenthesis is completed.
Many tree varieties, first of all, Ficus Benjamin, regularly dump the foliage while reducing the concentration of macro and trace elements in the soil. If all other reasons for such behavior are excluded, then enter a specialized feeder intended for home ornamental plants. It is best to pre-take care of the sufficient meal of the flower and twice a year to carry out feeding during the period of active growth.
Attention! When you transplant the ficus into a new pot and use ready-made soil, it is not necessary to additionally make feeding - in the specialized soil already contains a sufficient amount of beneficial substances. The first fertilizers can enrich the plant no earlier than 1-1.5 months. If you do it right away, you can easily burn the root system.
To make your ficus great and green, take the rule in the spring and summer to make fertilizers. It is done twice a month, the composition of the nutrient elements is best alternating. Mandatory macroelements are nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium and biogenic element of iron.
To make her work easier, it is best to acquire ready-made drugs, for example, ideal or palm.
Interesting video about rubber ficus (watering, feeding, analysis, why leave, dry and yellow leaves are falling):
Diseases as a cause of falling leaves in a ficus and mistakes when dealing with them
Very often on the leaves begin to appear spots of various configurations. They may indicate the presence of fungus. In the fight against it, fungicides will help, the most popular of them - Copper Chlorine.
If insects are noticeable or on the plant, the presence of insects, you need to destroy them immediately. For this purpose, any insecticides are suitable for use in home flower growing (spark, actara and others).
- From the Colorado Beetle and Wire
Get rid of the invasions of the Chervests or the shields will help careful rinsing of the leaves using a brush or a rigid sponge.
Botritis or Gray Rot
The causative agent of the disease begins its activity at high air temperature and high humidity. Increase the risk of developing the disease. No ventilation and poor soil drainage.
It all starts with the fact that on the leaves and stems there is a grayish color. If you doubt, then shake the ficus - with the disease, small dust will fly from it. Next, the leaves begin to darken and curl, after which they dry and fall. If you do not proceed to treatment in the early stages of the development of rot, the ficus can die.
The treatment process takes place in several stages:
- From the plants all damaged areas are removed. Next prepares a disinfecting solution: 1 tbsp. The chalk and ashes are dissolved in 10 liters of warm water, then a teaspoon of copper sulfate is added, it is pretty all stirred and filtered. The resulting solution is necessary to wipe the healthy sections of the ficus.
- If the area of the lesion is large or previous treatment does not help, then it is necessary to treat the plant by the fungicide. The preparation of phytoosporin-m has good efficiency.
- Upon completion of the room, it is necessary to ventilate, without allowing air stagnation.
- After a few days, it is possible to start watering, stabilizing it to the desired volume on the basis of the year, the volume of the pot and the variety of ficus.
If the ficus began to draw the reason, most likely in a sage mushroom. When twisting the leaves, carefully examine the plant for a black plaque. The reason for the appearance of the fungus is waste of vital activity of insect-parasites.
How can you get rid of the attack:
- Leaves with an abundant area of infection should be removed from the busistic and destroy. All the remaining plants wipe with a solution of real business soap. So that it dissolves better, pre-soda it.
- The root system and the stem will have to handle fungicides in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions. This will help destroy insects that can be in the ground.
Rhizocontium, Pitium, Phytooftor
If you have noticed that the growth of the ficus slowed down, the leaves began to lose color, wither, and stains appear on the stem, then most likely the case in fungus. Its activity could provoke abundant watering and lack of drainage stroke in a pot. In the case when the root or stem began to rot, treatment no longer makes sense. It remains only to throw out the ficus so that the disease does not move to other indoor plants.
As the prevention of fungal diseases, die by watering, follow the water in the Earth, it is necessary to provide drainage during transplantation, and once a month, disinfect the soil with a weak mortar of manganese.
The disease is manifested in the form of white, like powdered spots on the sheet plates. For indoor plants, it is very dangerous due to rapid propagation. Puffy dew appears for those ficuses that grow in a hot room with high humidity and poor ventilating room.
At the initial stage, the disease can be tried to cure in the following way:
- Take a liter of warm water and add 10 g of soda and 2 g of grazing household soap.
- After dissolving the ingredients, add 2 g of copper vapor there.
- The resulting concentrate dilute with water to obtain a volume of 2 liters.
- Spend a spraying of the ficus.
If you have noticed a flask on the leaves, very resembling rust structures, then your ficosis has been anznosis. The main thing is not to launch the disease, in the initial stages it is good to treat. It will be enough to just wipe all the leafy plates with water, and affected - remove from the plants. After that, the soil is treated with fungicides. Next, it is necessary to observe the development of the ficus, if necessary, we repeat the processing after 7-10 days later.
Read about the cultivation of the microcarp ficus, including Ginseng, at home.
Fitting leaves at the ficus due to pests and fighting them
Sometimes the insect pests are caused by the pests insects, which can get on plants from other indoor flowers or with infected soil. Below will look at the most common parasites among room plants.
The shield chopped for himself the root side of the leaves. It is possible to determine its presence on a small light bulk. This pest is powered by plant juice, which is why they begin to root and wake.
White spots - nothing more than waste of vital activity of the parasite. They remain on the leaves and become eaten by a living environment for the development of a sage fungus, which we have already written above. You can get rid of the shields in the following way:
- Dissolve a little economic soap in water and wipe all damaged leaves.
- After the plant is driving, perform treatment with accuters. For maximum efficiency, it is done three times with an interval of 7-10 days.
- From Colorado Beetle, Shield
From this enemy suffers a large number of not only garden, but also indoor plants. With timely treatment, he is well destruction. Signs of the tick are gray spots and thin, barely noticeable web between leaves. The activity of the parasite begins with an increase in air temperature and increasing humidity.
- Plant must be treated with any suitable insecticide.
- Next, a transplant in a disinfected pot with processed soil. Ideally, the soil must be drunk in the oven to kill all bacteria.
It is not worth placing a pot on the old place, there may be ticks or insect larva, which will return back. In shorts and cracks, they can exist up to three years without losing their activity. The windowsill or table where the affected plant stood, you also need to disinfect.
As a prevention, carry out regular ventilation of the room and monitor the level of humidity and temperature. All used soil used pre-disinfect.
Ficks are often becoming gathering prey for Tly. It settles on the leaves, which is why they are covered with a raid, twisted and yellow. If you found signs of the presence of T'li, then wipe the whole foliage with soap solution, and add some ash to the ground and process the soil insecticides.
On the back of the leaf can live fine voracious bugs - TRIPS. Because of them, white, brown or yellow spots begin to clearly manifest on the plates. TRIPS feed on plants juice, which strongly undermines immunity and causes a painful state.
- From the Colorado Beetle and Wire
- From Colorado Beetle, Shield
Insecticides will help to destroy the pests, such as Aktar or Aktellik. Processing methods are specified in detail in the instructions for drugs.
You can detect white lumps as in the soil and plants. Dangerous diseases by the fact that pests are spread very quickly. In the risk zone, all the flowers located nearby are.
- Remove all visible insects.
- Wipe the plant with soap or tobacco solution. The procedure must be repeated weekly until the full destruction of parasites.
- If this processing did not bring visible results, then use the insecticide, for example, confident. It can be used twice with an interval of 10 days.
- From the Colorado Troop
The pest cunning is that it affects the root system. Externally can manifest itself only in falling out leaves. If you look at the roots, then spherical thighs are clearly visible. They allocate toxic substances that fall into the ground, and they are spread from it throughout the plant. It begins to stick and dies.
If the lesion area is not yet too large, then you can try to save the fiber, resuscitation will help:
- Get the plant from the pot, smoke the ground. The remains of the soil and the pot itself can be bolder to throw out. It is impossible to use them anymore.
- How to rinse the roots under warm running water.
- Prepare a solution from insecticides and supervise in it the root system for about 3 hours.
- Earth for transplant rolled in the oven for disinfection.
Useful tips from Mr. Dachnik, how to prevent falling leaves from a ficus
The best way to deal with falling leaves is prevention. Therefore, our portal https://mrdachnik.com reminds:
- Follow the microclimate indicators, carry out the room, place plants in well-lit places.
- Do not disturb the fountain once again, he loves constancy in everything.
- Young plants are allowed to transplant 1 time per year, adult ficuses are not more often 1 time in 4 years.
- Do not make too many fertilizers in the ground.
- Provide moderate watering. Do not allow moisture to be stood in the ground.
- Regularly check the plant for the presence of pests and suspicious spots, which may indicate the start of the development of diseases.
Did you know? One of the varieties of ficus is a fig tree from which the figs known to us are.
In order for the plant perfectly growing and developing, it is important to comply with the basic rules of care:
- Ficuses - landings are not additive. The main thing is to disturb them less and not change the place of the situation, if nothing causes concerns. It is allowed to take an adult tree onto a balcony or a terrace in the warm season.
- If there are no well-lit places in your room, you can purchase a special plants lamp in stores for gardeners.
- Water for watering should be room temperature. Also, ficuses do not like when it is too tough.
- Periodically rinse the plant from dust and dirt under warm running water.
Why the ficus is yellow and fall leaves. The main reasons for the yellowing of the leaves
If you have noticed that every day and more in your favorite ficus appear more and more sluggish and yellowing leaves - the reason for this state lies, most likely, in the wrong leaving or plant disease. Further, in the article, we will tell you more, from which it is that these plants can be faded and yellowing.
A transplantation to a new pot with a new soil is stress for each room plant, and the ficus is no exception. However, in any case, for the normal development of the plant without transplanting, it cannot be done, so you carefully choose a soil mixture for ficus - high-quality soil will help him survive the acclimatization period.
By nature, ficuses are thermal-loving plants. To provide them with comfortable conditions for growth and further development, find a bright place without drafts in the room. But direct sunlight should also be avoided - they can cause burns on the leaves. Even in the winter months it is important to maintain the temperature in the room not lower than +18 ° C. However, in pursuit of heat, do not put the pot next to heating devices - sharp temperature differences and excessive air dryness can destroy the ficus much faster than cold air.
Lack of nutrients
The constant development of the root system of any plant in the conditions of a closed pot with time leads to the depletion of the soil and weakening the flower due to the lack of nutrients. If you drew attention to the deterioration of the appearance of the ficus, then do not slow down with fertilizers. The main thing that should be remembered - do not combine the filtering of plants with their transplantation to a new place.
Important! To determine if I need a ficus of watering, pour the soil with a wooden wand. If it is dry on the depth of 2 fingers, then the water flower does not hurt.
Wrong water level mode
Violation of watering is the most popular reason for the sudden yellowing of the leaves. Experienced gardeners are recommended to water flowers only after complete soil drying. Just once the bay flower, you can provoke the process of rotting its root system.
Pests and diseases
If you are confident that in the room where the ficus lives, the optimal ratios of temperature and humidity are observed, and watering and feeding fertilizers are regular and painted by the hour, then, most likely, the plant suffers from insects. Carefully inspect the land near the rhizomes and each piece of leaf, which can serve as a delicacy for pests. Sometimes yellow color of foliage can say that the flower is amazed by fungus. To fix his health will help the processing of special fungicides for indoor plants.
Important! Having found traces of insects or fungal lesions, it is important to immediately insulate the sick fiber from neighboring plants and proceed to its treatment with the necessary preparations. Otherwise, other vases can easily become infected.
How to water the ficus
General rules for watering fakes
The correct irrigation is hardly the basic rule of the care and the key to the beautiful and stable growth, development and flowering of any room plant. Ficus is no exception. It is not demanding, but still separate rules must be adhered.
First of all, water should be defined and in no case is not cold, the best room temperature. You can choose a container with water that will stand on the windowsill (or any other place where the vase live). Thus? It will be ensured by the execution of three rules: first, the water will set up, secondly, it will have the optimal temperature and third, the bottle of water, standing in the plant will not let you forget about watering.
In the question of how often you need to water the ficus, you need to be guided solely by observing the state of the soil, it is difficult to establish a clear schedule. If it is a small plant, then when the level of drying is 1-2, the phalanges of the fingers can be water if the ficus is large - when dried by 6-7 centimeters.
How to water Ficus Benjamin
More specifically, we define how to water Ficus Benjamin in winter and in the warm season so that it can grow quickly and do not experience any inconvenience.
When, when checking the state of the soil, a noticeable drying of its upper layer, I need watering. The amount of water should be moderate if Benjamin feels excess moisture, it begins to reset the leaves. For leaves, regular spraying will be useful, but at low air temperature or at the probability of draft, it is categorically contraindicated, as well as in the presence of direct sunlight.
In the hot season, it is necessary to provide a more intense watering plant than in the fall and winter, the soil dries faster and the need for moisturizes is growing.
How to water the flick rubber
The next point on how often to water, and how to determine that it is already time. This confusion in the spring and summer is in the phase of active growth and, accordingly, at this time needs abundant irrigation while drying up the top layer of the soil. The lack of moisture is very quickly reflected in the state of the plant, after a few days it will start lowering the leaves and returns to normal form only after fixing the situation, if it, of course, was not critical.
Big glossy leaves of Benjamin ficus require regular wiping with a wet cloth. Such a procedure and moisturizes them, and purifies from dust. Useful will be spraying from the sprayer.
By irrigation frequency, you need to be guided only by the level of soil drying and choose warm dilated water. The state of the soil is checked with a wooden stick or just a finger, if at the level of 2-3 centimeters the land does not stick - it's time to water.
How to water the ficus bonsai
Watering the bonsai ficus is not a problem, it just needs to be moderate. The main thing is to avoid drying the soil, checking its condition with a wooden stick (given the compact size of the vase, the fingers should not do it) and regularly watering.
When watering, if the bonsai grows in the correct and not too rammed soil, the water immediately penetrates into depth. If this does not happen, the soil is recommended to burst into the sand.
Very good will affect the state of the plant regular spraying of water temperature. Such a procedure is desirable to spend several times a week, better - every other day.
How to water the ficus in winter and summer
At the end, we note how often watered the ficus in the winter and in the summer to prevent the root rotting and at the same time cutting the plant, as well as to ensure that the ficus is enough for growth.
Different varieties of ficus require different irrigation frequency, since their root system grows and develops in different ways, therefore it is always recommended to check the level of soil drying and only then make a decision on watering. However, if we generalize, in the summer and in the late spring, when the temperature rises, and the plants go to the phase of active growth, the ficuses are watered no more than two times a week with a moderate amount of water, and in the cold season less often, approximately once in 7-10 days. Spraying ficuses is important to remember that they are in principle do not like drafts and cold air, especially with moisture on them. The same with straight sunshine.
Fikus brighten the leaves. Causes of an unpleasant phenomenon
The yellowing of the leaves at the room flower is tantamous by the cough of a man during a cold. There may be several reasons for any:
- It should be remembered that the life cycle of ficus leaves is limited. If the plant pleases you with gorgeous, fresh foliage now for two or three years, yellowing and subsequent focus is considered normal. This happens more often with the bottom leaves of the ficus. After the old leaves are sweating and opled, in their place will soon grow new. However, if the plant is completely yellow, it is worth alerting and searching for another reason.
- Calculate the yellowing and ficing of the leaves of the ficus can change the conditions of culture. For the plant, the resulting "relocation" is stress, which he reports yellow on the leaves. The flower may well suffer and because of the errors made by the owner during transplantation. It may be too small pot, poor-quality substrate, watering after a culture transplant, etc. Specialists do not recommend moving the culture even within the apartment - the ficus is very susceptible to the location change.
- The most common cause of yellowing and ficked leaves in the ficus is the wrong watering. Do not think that abundant watering is only good. If the earth is a slightly wet flower, watering should be postponed until it dry out. The humidity of the soil from the inside can be checked with a long stick.
- Unsuitable conditions for the content of indoor culture can also cause the phenomenon under consideration. The room in which the ficus is, should be light and fairly warm. However, it should not be removed, the leaves of the ficus are very susceptible to sunlight. In winter, a comfortable temperature for the plant - + 18-20 degrees. It is not recommended to place the ficus near the batteries - there the air is not only too warm, but also dry.
- Malicious organisms can lead to the yellowing and fallout of the leaf of ficus. It is necessary to carefully inspect the soil and foliage of the plant. If you meet the pests, it is necessary to immediately acquire a special means to combat them.
- The lack of nutrients in the ground may cause the appearance of yellowness on the leaves of the ficus. It is possible to solve the problem with the help of a feeder or a flower transplant with subsequent feeding.
Ficus yellow and dry leaves. Wrong care
First of all, the leaves of the ficus are yellowing due to dry air in the house. This condition condition is most often violated in winter, as the heating system of the room dries the air very much. The flower leaves begin to rapidly change the color from green on yellow, after which they dry and fly away. Fast crown foaming badly affects the health of the ficus: losing the foliage, the flower dies. To avoid this, the plant should be kept away from the battery and spray the foliage every 2 days.
Straight sun rays are harmful to ficus leaves. With a long stay in the sun, the bush begins to be covered with burns and ulcers, which cause the yellowing of foliage. The flower growing on the balcony or the street should be planted so that at noon him covered the shadow.
If you often change the location of the pipe, the ficus will experience a nervous shock. Stress at the bush is also manifested by the yellowing of foliage. Flower must try to ensure stability, the place must be selected before buying a culture.
Frequently yellow leaves of ficus, whose stalks only recently planted. This is normal for a plant that has not yet arrived in a new pot.
You should pay attention to the location of yellow pigmentation. If the sheet begins to spit around the edges, it indicates a too greater amount of moisture in the ground. It is impossible to fill a plant: many types of ficuses are easily dying from reinflowing roots.
The lack of beneficial substances can also cause a yellow crown. If you do not feed the ficus fertilizer, it will not have internal resources for growth. Flower feeding should occur regularly. The soil is also selected at the rate of the room plant. The mixture as a soil for a ficus should be made from the following components:
- Sheet land.
Small leaves can become yellow and fall from the bottom of the trunk. This is a sign of old age and considers it a natural process. However, if the stalk of the plant began to bargain rapidly, then probably the ficus does not like the pot.
Such a flower should be transplanted into another tub. If the plants have wishes and oped leaves, the transplant can be positively affected by the ficus.
How to save the fountain fall leaves. What if the ficus falls out the leaves?
The presence of indoor plants in the room carries an exceptionally positive effect, but that green plantings be happy with good growth and development, it is important to be able to care for them. Furious flowerfish may encounter leaves of leaves, which is difficult to solve without special knowledge in this area. Determination of the reasons, as well as the only right solutions in each specific situation, will help the plant not only to fully recover, but also with more power to go into growth.
If the purchased or donated Ficus suddenly ceases to delight the eye, the leaves are yellow and fly away, then you should immediately score the alarm and find out what cause is such a change. The factors can be quite a lot for this, so it is important to determine exactly what happened to the ficus and help him if necessary.
Consider the main reasons for which the ficus may fall out.
The plant independently resets the old foliage, which consumes too many beneficial substances, and after photosynthesis, almost nothing distinguishes. Such a process is not a problem, because the bush simply rejuvenates itself, makes it possible to appear with a young foliage, which will be more useful for the ficus and the environment.
These metamorphoses can be observed in the fall, usually by the end of October. The duration of the shift of the sheet cover is from one to two months. During this period, it is worth minimizing the care of the ficus, reducing watering and making fertilizers so that old leaves are faster than falter, and the bush could change the old foliage to the new one.
Inappropriate conditions of content in the form of cold and humidity - in winter it is possible to note the more frequent discharge of sheets in those regions where the ambient temperature varies significantly from warm to cold. The threshold temperature at which the ficus appears the foliage is +14 degrees. It is necessary to shrub in order to save vitality before heat.
So that the ficus is not frozen, it does not need to be left for wintering in an unheated room, as well as avoid a sharp decrease in environmental temperature indicators.
As for humidity, its low level will also contribute to the discharge of foliage. With the unfavorable indicators of the moisture content of Krone yellow and dries, if there is no moisture of their soil.
In such extreme conditions, the lack of beneficial substances will begin, and the ficus will remain without leaves.
Hot conditions and too warm air for the plant are also dangerous as cold. The leaves are trembling in the summer if the temperature indicators exceed the mark of +26 degrees. The plant dries enough quickly, even if it has a good watering and the level of humidity remains within the normal range.
The feature of the ficus is the lighting mode, it does not like straight sun rays, but without light it can not exist.
Only the correctly chosen place for the pot, optimal temperature indicators and humidity, can prevent the process when the bush swollen the foliage.
Lack of nutrients
If the conditions of the plant content correspond to the norm, but the green leaves begin to dry and turn yellow, it means that the problem is in the shortage of fertilizers. To save the bush and prevent the focus of foliage, you need to make more beneficial substances into the soil and conduct such events regularly.
However, in this case, it is important to be careful not to overdo the number of fertilizers, because the excessive portion of nutrients will lead to excessive height of the bush, which will cause negative consequences.
Ficus is not easy for leaving a plant due to difficulties with watering. It is important to give him so much moisture as it is necessary, taking into account the temperature and humidity, as it will have a disadvantage or an oversupplication.
In humid soil, harmful microorganisms and bacteria are actively developing, and the process of rotting the root system is activated. Problems with roots are very quickly transferred to the entire plant, which leads to its complete defeat. If the ficus dropped the leaves sharply, the problem may be in watering, so it is worth assessing the state of the soil, whether it is too dry or, on the contrary, wetlands.
If the problem is solved immediately after its detection, the process of restoring a ficus passes without serious complications. However, if the moment is tightened over time, then the branches will begin to die, and the bush can lose their attractiveness.
Dry soil also causes problems with the plant on the plant, as the process of oxygen starvation will be launched, from which the lower leaves, and behind them, and the rest are yellow, twisted and fall off.
Ficus leaves were covered with brown spots. If the leaves decrease and begin to fall
Causes of Ficus Leaves Day
Several reasons are to blame for this issue:
Your ficus lacks nutrients: try changing the soil by transplanting the plant. Use leafy land, peat and sand (in equal proportions). Do not forget to pour your ficus right after the transplant.
A large level of humidity in the soil: This can be understood through stains appearing on the surface of the leaves, the yellowing of the edges and focus. Wait until the saddle dries and continue with moderate irrigation. If the ficus continues to fall, then immediately transfer it to a new soil and remove the fallen roots.
Remember that the state of ficker leaves also depends on the rare irrigation. In this case, they can start drying and wrinkled. If this problem is not solved right away, the roots may suffer. Then the flower will not be able to live on.
High temperature indoors, dry air, excess feeding. The leaves are covered with stains and get rid of this phenomenon only after removing the causes of the appearance.
Fallen leaves at the bottom of the ficus
If, when leafy leaves, healthy immediately grow up, then there are no reasons for concern. If new leaves do not appear, then try plating transplant or select an additional feeder.
Ficus rubcoming problems with leaves. All about diseases of the leaf of rubbing ficus
Among all the tropical plants, spectacularly decorating homes, offices and apartments, a special place occupies a rubber ficus - a view that has many obvious advantages. One of them is the unpretentiousness of the ficus, due to which it can successfully develop in a variety of conditions, often distant from ideal. Despite this advantage, in some cases, the leaves may suffer from diseases representing a serious threat to the health of the plant, and therefore requiring extremely careful consideration.
The species described, also known as "Elastics", is a plant capable of boasting impressive endurance. One of the confirmations of this thesis is the possibility of location of the ficus in places with a relatively weak lighting, which does not lead to a negative reaction from the rubber side. In a natural habitat, representatives of the considered type can reach huge sizes exceeding a 30-meter mark. At home, the rubricular ficus is not able to achieve such indicators, rarely reaching the height of human growth. As for the leaves, their main features are listed below:
- Large sizes (length - up to 30 cm, width - up to 20 cm);
- rich dark green color;
- smooth and brilliant surface;
- elongated shape with a pointed vertex;
- The presence of reddish graders acting as "clothes" for young leaves and dropping after their dissolution.
Decent attention and varieties of rubber ficus, the most popular of which are "Robust", "Melanie" and "Abidjan".